[FKP at TNP2K] Presentations on cash transfer and wife’s decision making and on student learning outcomes in NTB

fkp des 2016Reported by Adinda Rizky Herdianti

The FKP on 20 December 2016 hosted by TNP2K comprised of two studies separated in two sessions. In the first session, Syamsulhakim (TNP2K) presented a study focusing on Conditional Cash Transfer and Wife’s Decision Making Power with evidence from Indonesia. The study’s goal is to answer whether the Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH) scheme, in which the cash transfer is given to the wife of a household, gives more bargaining power to the woman compare to the households that did not receive PKH. The study measures the bargaining power through wife’s decision on children’s education plans and health-related issues that involve children of the household.

In answering the question, the study used Difference in Difference method that classified sample into treatment group (wives who are beneficiaries of PKH) and control group (wives who are not beneficiaries of PKH) in 2007 and 2013. The study concludes that the probability of a wife receiving PKH independently makes decision about the education for her children is roughly between 2-4% higher than that of non-beneficiaries. The probability is even more consistent in 4% for the health-related decisions. The ordered-probit estimation found that the marginal probability effect of receiving PKH money is increasing with the degree of decision making made by the wife.

Syamsulhakim stated that further research should focus more on the degree of independency itself, by adding more questions to the questionnaire and/or defining the terms of independency more flexibly. He also suggested that rather than focusing on dummy variables of receiving PKH, the research should pay more attention to the value beneficiaries received by merging administrative dataset with evaluation datasets. Overall, Syamsulhakim concluded that wives in PKH households has more bargaining power in making decision related to the welfare of their children.

The second session presented by Sandra Kurniawati from the Indonesia – Australia Partnership INOVASI Program which focuses in basic education development. In her presentation, Sandra stated that the research is focusing on learning outcome in terms of numerical and basic literacy in NTB Province using Indonesia National Assessment Program (INAP) data. INAP is a program designed by the center for research in education at the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture aimed to observe the quality of education in Indonesia in primary and secondary schools. The research shows that the learning outcomes of students in NTB of three observed subjects (Bahasa Indonesia, Math, and Life Sciences) are all below national average.

Sandra presented some interesting findings about factors that contribute to the learning outcome in NTB. First, the school who have facility such as advance lab, library, and class property (specifically world map/globe) have more INAP Scores in all subjects. Second, the school activities such as additional class, after-school learning program, and remedial program only affect significantly on Life Sciences subject. Third, teacher and school principal’s training do not have any correlation to student’s learning outcome. However, teacher’s self–introspecting assessment and higher working satisfaction result in higher learning outcome. Lastly, parents’ initiative action to remind their children to do homework is significantly affecting the score outcome, compare to the parents’ action to help their children in doing the homework.

NTB’s learning outcome is still left behind relative to national average. Factors that correlate to a better learning outcome in NTB are formative assessment which describe in teacher’s willingness to self-introspecting, teacher’s higher working satisfaction, sufficient facilities such as world map, lab, and library, and parent’s role in home. Lastly, teacher and school principal’s trainings do not have any correlation to student’s learning outcome. Therefore she suggested that the quality of training should be increased and also be deepened in terms of relevancy to the students’ learning outcome.

Presentation files:

FKP 2016 12 20 Kurniawati What Contributes to Student Learning Outcomes in NTB