Sang Lawg Man Jai
Relates to confidence-building
Jai is used to indicate a state of mind or feeling when it is used as a suffix to a verb. Here, placed with man – ‘stable, firm, permanent’ – it becomes ‘to be certain or convinced.’ The prefix kwam, which on its own means ‘words, speech, language or song’, when applied to verbs indicates a state resulting from an action, thus ‘to be certain’ becomes ‘confident.’ Sang means ‘to build’ both in the real sense of building a structure such as a house and in a figurative sense as when applied to kwam man jai to become ‘building confidence’.
While man jai, ‘confidence,’ is widely used, sang lawng man jai – ‘confidence building’ – is only used by politicians. For most Shan the construct would be alien.