Languages of Security in the Asia-Pacific

College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University

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Entries Tagged as 'Korean (South)'

Korean – Introduction

September 18th, 2011 · No Comments · *Introductions, Korean (North), Korean (South)

by Tatiana Gabroussenko (North Korean) and Andrei Lankov (South Korean), with an introduction by Sheryn Lee   “Firmly rooted in the rotten, bourgeois life, the Korean language now spoken in Seoul still uses the nasal twangs favoured by women to flirt with men…; on top of this, English, Japanese, and Chinese loan words, now swarming […]

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South Korean – Anjon | Anjong | Anbo

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (South), Security

안전  (安全) anjŏn 안정 (安定) anjŏng 안보 (安保) anbo Relates to security Korean has three words to express the idea of “security/safety” which have subtle but real differences in meaning. All these words are of Sino-Japanese origin; they are coined in Japan by combining together two Chinese characters. These terms are widely used but their […]

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South Korean – Chu’kwon

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (South), Sovereignty

주권      (主權) chu’kwon Relates to sovereignty The idea of sovereignty is expressed by a Sino-Korean word, chu’kwon (주권/主權). The first component means ‘man’, ‘major’, ‘ruler’ and ‘owner’; the second means ‘rights’. In other words, the Korean term for “sovereignty” can be rendered in English as “the rights of the master”. We are dealing here with […]

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South Korean – Minjok

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (South), Nation

민족    (民族) minjok Relates to nation The concept of ‘nation’ (민족 (民族) minjok) is new in Korean. The term was first used only around 1905 and is a loanword from the Japanese word ‘minzoku’. However, the Korean perception of the term is somewhat different from the understanding of the English ‘nation’. In the case of […]

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South Korean – T’ongil

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (South), Unification

통일   (統一) t’ongil Relates to unification This concept is used to refer to state unity in general and the future unification of Korea in particular. The word is widely used in historical texts to describe the unification of different parts to make one state, and always has positive connotations. For example, the conquest of the […]

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South Korean – P’yong hwa

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (South), Peace

평화     (平和) p’yong hwa Relates to peace This is also a Japanese-made word, and refers essentially to the absence of military conflict. It is possible to have both peace and instability, and it can be used with reference to a society that is going through profound change. It suggests a situation where there […]

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South Korean – Chilso

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (South), Order

질서    (秩序) chilso Relates to order The term ‘chilso’ needs to be distinguished from the notion of security: it suggests the maintenance of order, particularly in the context of a system or structure. In giving the police the role of maintaining or protecting ‘chilso’, there is an implication of a broadening of police powers. The […]

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South Korean – Munhwakwon

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (South), Region

문화권    (文化圈) munhwakwŏn Relates to region There are a few expressions that describe the relations between Korea and China, and most of them include the term munhwakwŏn (문화권 / 文化圈): ‘cultural sphere’, or ‘cultural area’. The term conveys the suggestion that Korea, together with Japan, China and Vietnam belongs to the same munhwakwŏn , and […]

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South Korean – Kuk kwong | Kuk t’o

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Border, Korean (South)

국경(國境) kuk kwong 국토 (國土) kuk t’o Relates to border ‘Kuk kwong’ refers to ‘border’ and ‘kuk t’o’ to ‘land of the country.’ It is often said that ‘kuk t’o’ must be protected, and the ‘kuk kwong’ are patrolled. When South Koreans think of ‘Hanguk’ – the name they use for the South (while ‘Chosun’ […]

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South Korean – Sadae(juui)

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Followership, Korean (South)

사대(주의)   事大(主義) sadae(juŭi) Relates to followership, flunkeyism It is an emotionally charged term in the Korean political vocabulary, but it initially had no negative meaning whatsoever. It originated in Ancient China, when Mencius stated that for a small state the most rational policy choice would be ‘to serve the large’ (Chin.: shida, Kor.: sadae, 事大) […]

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South Korean – Kong dong che

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Community, Korean (South)

공동체   (共同體) kong dong che Relates to community This term is a mere translation from the English. It is said that ASEAN “wants to become a ‘kong dong che’ and that Europe is already a ‘kong dong che’. One idea that continues to have some influence as a category is that of the “non-barbarian”. This […]

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Korean (South) – Chungguk pusang | Chungguk p’aegwon | Chungguk sǒngjang

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (South), Rise of China

중국부상 (中國浮上) Chungguk pusang 중국패권 (中國覇權) Chungguk p’aegwon 중국성장 (中國成長) Chungguk sǒngjang   Relates to the ‘rise of China’ Generally, it would be an overstatement to say that the “rise of China” is ignored by the Korean media, but a certain lack of concern over this issue is obvious. In South Korea, the “China question” […]

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