Languages of Security in the Asia-Pacific

College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University

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Entries Tagged as 'Chinese'

Chinese – Introduction

September 18th, 2011 · No Comments · *Introductions, Chinese

by I-Ling Tseng, with an introduction* by Sheryn Lee A survey of security discourses in the Asia-Pacific would be incomplete without an examination of Mandarin Chinese. Much of what is understood of Chinese security processes is from the perspective of ‘qiang wai-Han’ (墙外汉), a term which conveys the meaning of ‘outsider’ but literally translates as […]

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Chinese – Ānquán

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Security

安全 Ānquán Relates to ‘security’, ‘safety’, ‘peace’, ‘to assure wholeness’, ‘no danger’ The term combines the two characters, 安 (ān) and 全 (quán). 安 – ān – peace; tranquil; to set at ease; to pacify; calm; safety; security; to place in a suitable position; stability; to stabilise; to be satisfied with something.[1] When the word […]

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Chinese – Nàoshì

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Riot

鬧事 (闹事) Nàoshì Relates to riot, creating trouble or disturbance The term combines the two characters, 鬧 (nào) and 事 (shì). 鬧 – nào – noisy; to make a noise; bustling; to disturb[1] 事 – shì – a matter; a trouble, an event or an accident[2] Nàoshì (鬧事) carries the meaning of a person or […]

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Chinese – Āndìng | Wěndìng

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Stability

安定 Āndìng 穩定 (稳定) Wěndìng Relates to stability The term is made up of the following elements: 安 – ān – peace; tranquil; to set at ease; calm; safety; security; to place in a suitable position; stability; to stabilise; to be satisfied with something[1] 穩 – wěn – smooth and steady; stable or to stabilise; […]

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Chinese – Dòngluàn

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Turmoil

動亂 (动乱) Dòngluàn Relates to turmoil, disorder, upheaval, unrest The term combines the two characters, 動 (dòng) and 亂 (luàn). 動 (动) – dòng – move, in motion, a status which is not static[1] 亂 (乱) – luàn – unrest, disorder[2] The use of ‘dòngluàn (動亂)’ in Chinese can be traced back to the classical […]

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Chinese – Zhǔquán

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Sovereignty

主權  (主权) Zhǔquán Relates to sovereignty The term is made up of two Chinese characters: 主 – zhǔ – a sovereign; host; owner, master; primary, main; to be in charge[1] 權 – quán – right; authority and power;[2] Zhǔquán in ancient Chinese means a sovereign or a king’s power. In the 7th century text, Guanzi […]

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Chinese – Guójiā

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Nation, State

國家 (国家) Guójiā Relates to ‘state’ (guójiā is understood to be an organisation or an entity) The term is composed of two Chinese characters: 國 – guó – state, the capital of a state, a manor which belongs to nobilities in the ancient time, individuals or things that are related to the emperor of the […]

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Chinese – Bàquán

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Hegemony

霸權 (霸权) Bàquán Relates to hegemony The term is composed of two Chinese characters: 霸– bà – a leader of all vassals in the feudal system, a tyrannical despot, a bully, to dominate, to lord over someone or something[1] 權 – quán –right; authority and power.[2] In the Chinese ancient feudal time, the term ‘bàquán’ […]

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Chinese – Kǒngbùzhǔyì

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Terrorism; terrorist

恐怖主義 (恐怖主义) Kǒngbùzhǔyì Relates to terrorism This term is composed of four Chinese characters: 恐 (恐) – kǒng – fear, to dread, to be afraid of 怖 (怖) – bù – fear, to be afraid of, to frighten 恐怖- kǒngbù – terror, frightening, feel terrified and be afraid of something; to intimidate or to threaten; […]

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Chinese – Zhōngguó de juéqǐ

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Rise of China

中國的崛起 (中国的崛起) Zhōngguó de juéqǐ Relates to the ‘Rise of China’ The term is composed of following Chinese characters: 中國 (中国) – Zhōngguó – China 的 (的) – de – possessive case 中国的 – Zhōngguó de – China’s, of China 崛 (崛) – jué – Rise high; stands out[1] 起 (起) – qǐ – Rise […]

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Chinese – Wēishè

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Deterrence

威懾 (威慑) Wēishè Relates to deterrence The term is composed of two characters. 威 (威) – wēi – a power which makes people fearful and obedient; the force; to threaten[1] 懾 (慑) – shè – fear; to yield because of fear[2] 威懾 (威慑) – wēishè – using force or power to make opponents fear and […]

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Chinese – Guófáng | Fángyù

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Defence

國防(国防) Guófáng 防禦 (防御) Fángyù   Relates to defence Defence means either ‘guófáng’ (national defence) or ‘fángyù’ (defence). Each of the two terms is composed of two characters. 國 (国) – guó – a nation, country, or state[1] 防 (防) – fáng – to guard against, to defend, to prevent[2] 國防 (国防) – guófáng – […]

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Chinese – Dàoqiàn

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Apology, Chinese

道歉 (道歉) Dàoqiàn Relates to apology The term is composed of two characters. 道 (道) – dào – to speak, to say[1] 歉 (歉) – qiàn – an apology, regret, to feel ashamed or sorry[2] 道歉 (道歉) – dàoqiàn – to express or show apology, excuse, or regret, to admit mistakes or faults, to apologize[3] […]

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Chinese – Rénquán

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Human Rights

人權 (人权) Rénquán Relates to human rights The phrase is composed of two characters: 人 – rén – people, human being[1] 權 (权) – quán – to weigh, to consider, to balance; rights; authority and power; strategy; expediency; in an advantageous or favourable position[2] 人權 – rénquán – literally means ‘people’s rights’. In other words, […]

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Chinese – Hépíng

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Peace

和平 (和平) Hépíng Relates to peace The term is composed of two Chinese characters: 和 – hé – mild, moderate, placid, harmony, peace[1] 平 – píng – to calm down, to pacify, to quell, placid, to make peace, to become reconciled[2] 和平 – hépíng – a stable political situation without wars, a status without war; […]

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Chinese – Tòumíng

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Transparency

透明 (透明) Tòumíng Relates to transparency The phrase is composed of two characters: 透 – tòu – to penetrate, to go through, to manifest, to show, to reveal, to display[1] 明 – míng – to brighten, to understand, to make public, bright, clear, obvious[2] 透明 – tòumíng – transparent, transparency, thoroughgoing, disclosure, to make public, […]

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Chinese – Jiànlì xìnrèn cuòshī

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Confidence

建立信任措施 (建立信任措施) Jiànlì xìnrèn cuòshī Relates to confidence-building measures The phrase is composed of three terms of six characters in total: 建 – jiàn – to establish, to build up, to bring up[1] 立 – lì – to establish, to set up[2] 建立 – jiànlì – to establish, to set up, to found[3] 信 – […]

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Chinese – Hé​xié

March 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Harmony

和谐 Hé​xié Relates to harmony The term is combination of two characters: he 和 – mild, moderate, placid, harmony, peace[1] xie 谐 – in harmony, to coordinate[2] The term hexie conveys ‘harmony’, ‘harmonious’, ‘concord’, or ‘in coordination’.[3] The usage of hexie in the Chinese language dates back to at least the 2nd century.[4] In the […]

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