Languages of Security in the Asia-Pacific

College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University

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Entries Tagged as 'Indonesian'

Indonesian – Introduction

May 28th, 2011 · No Comments · *Introductions, Indonesian

by Amrih Widodo The plural character of Indonesian society has had two implications for its understanding of security concepts. Firstly, security has been mostly defined not in a conventional sense, i.e. as the need of a country to protect itself from the threat of military attack by another country, or the threat of an externally-fomented […]

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Indonesian – Keamanan

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Indonesian, Security

Keamanan Relates to security It would be a mistake to translate ‘keamanan’ simply as ‘security’. Significantly, the word ‘sekuritas’ is more commonly used in the field of finance, banking, insurance and computing. Keamanan’s root word ‘aman’ is aligned with ‘sentosa’ (strong), ‘tenteram’ (peaceful) and ‘tidak berbahaya’ (not dangerous) or ‘tidak dalam bahaya’ (not in danger). […]

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Indonesian – Ketertiban

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Indonesian, Order, Security

Ketertiban Relates to security, order, resilience Former Indonesian president Suharto shrewdly called his government ‘Orde Baru’ (The New Order) to distinguish it from the previous government, which he called ‘Orde Lama’ (The Old Order).  In a speech in 1978, he explicitly defined the Old Order as ‘a regime which had deviated from Pancasila (the five […]

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Indonesian – Ketahanan

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Defence, Indonesian

Ketahanan Relates to defence; resilience; endurance The word ‘tahan’ suggest endurance or to withstand. The abstract noun ‘ketahanan’ is usually translated in English as ‘resilience’ as in ‘national resilience’. It can also suggest to restrain and to arrest, with a noun ‘penahanan’ (arrest), or be incorporated in the verb ‘mempertahankan’ (to defend). The term ‘pertahanan’ […]

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Indonesian – Keamanan Manusia

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Human Security, Indonesian

Keamanan Manusia Relates to human security The term ‘keamanan manusia’ is a relatively new piece of terminology that relates to human security. Its referent is moving focus from security of the state and society to security of the people as citizens. The emergence of the concept of ‘human security’ was warmly welcomed by NGOs and […]

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Indonesian – Kedaulatan

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Indonesian, Sovereignty

Kedaulatan Relates to sovereignty; authority ‘Kedaulatan rakyat’ (people’s sovereignty) is placed in a supreme position in the Indonesian constitution.  Interestingly, the word daulat originates from a feudalistic context, i.e. expression of deference to nobility.  It transforms into a keyword for Indonesian revolution when it is made into an intransitive verb berdaulat (sovereign, independent). The word […]

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Indonesian – Kawasan

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Indonesian, Region

Kawasan Relates to region; area The development of the concept of ‘region’ in Southeast Asia seems to oscillate between cultural interpretations and territorial-geopolitical underpinnings.  The commonly used term ‘kawasan’ which literally means ‘border’ gained popularity only recently with a geopolitical/economic sense such as in kawasan keamanan ASEAN (ASEAN security region) or kawasan ekonomi ASEAN (ASEAN […]

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Indonesian – Kemerdekaan

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Independence, Indonesian

Kemerdekaan Relates to independence, sovereignty An emotive state and exclamation declaring freedom from colonialisation and perceived colonising authority and power. A referent being free from any forms of colonisation or any perceived colonialising and imperialistic authority and power. The word ‘merdeka’, which was used as a battle cry during the revolution, is an emotive expression […]

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Indonesian – Pluralisme

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Indonesian, Pluralism

Pluralisme Relates to pluralism; diversity; religious deviance a concept acknowledging and promoting the diversity of a national society. a referent of the accepted multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-cultural natures of the national society. a threat to matters of usuluddin (religious directives) such as aqidah (theology), which are considered non-negotiable. The long-established lexical meaning of the English […]

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Indonesian – Komunisme

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Communism, Indonesian

Komunisme Relates to communism an ideology which was popular prior to the New Order but then considered a serious threat to national security. a concept and label for social and political behaviour considered opposing to or deviant from the accepted norms. Suharto’s New Order successfully defined the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) as the biggest and […]

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Indonesian – Teroris

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Indonesian, Terrorism; terrorist

Teroris Relates to terrorist a threat a strategy to change the referent of the term and the connotation of its meaning The word teroris is a relatively new word and does not have an Indonesian equivalent as it refers to a new aspect of the country’s security reality. It relates to the English term for […]

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Indonesian – Jamaah Islamiyah

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Community, Indonesian

Jamaah Islamiyah Relates to Islamic community; terrorist organisation a concept and a referent signifying an idealized Islamic community a threat understood as a loose network of various groups that want to establish an Islamic state in Southeast Asia and linked to the Al Qaeda terrorist organisation. The literal meaning of Jamaah Islamiyah (JI) is Islamic […]

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Indonesian – Komunitas Keamanan

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Indonesian, Security Community

Komunitas Keamanan Relates to security community Komunitas Keamanan ASEAN is the Indonesian translation of ASEAN Security Community (ASC), a concept introduced by Indonesia in 2003. Since its introduction, the ASC has been considered a breath of fresh air, both for ASEAN and for Indonesian foreign policy. The proposal was made as Indonesia assumed the chairmanship […]

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Indonesian – Ratih

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Indonesian, Militia

Ratih Relates to ‘trained citizens'; militia a concept related to defense, protection and/or security a strategy to deal with a threat Ratih (an acronym for ‘rakyat terlatih’ which literally means “trained citizens”) was a policy to recruit citizens, give them military training and arm them to guard the general election in 1999. The policy was […]

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Indonesian – Penangkalan

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Deterrence, Indonesian

Penangkalan Relates to deterrence; prevention Even though the concept has been used and understood mostly by the limited communities who deal with international relations and military affairs, the Indonesian language has a problem translating the term ‘deterrence’.  Almost all written materials would use the English term ‘deterrence’ or if they give a translation, the English […]

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Indonesian – Kepercayaan

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Confidence, Indonesian

Kepercayaan Relates to confidence; trust The term saling menghormati (mutual respect) seems pivotal in confidence and security building.  The prominence of the principle saling menghormati derives especially from the experience dealing with Australia in the period following East Timorese independence and during the era of global terrorism. Two cases can illustrate such a principle: ‘megaphone […]

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Indonesian – Serangan

May 17th, 2011 · Comments Off on Indonesian – Serangan · Indonesian, Offence

Serangan Relates to offence; attack The Indonesian Armed Forces has gone through several changes of its name from which we could deduce evolving semantic, institutional and strategic identities.  This process began with Tentara Rakyat Indonesia (Indonesian People’s Army), a militia-like people’s army that was formed by political, religious and regional organisations during the revolutionary struggle.  […]

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