Languages of Security in the Asia-Pacific

College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University

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Entries Tagged as 'Korean (North)'

Korean – Introduction

September 18th, 2011 · No Comments · *Introductions, Korean (North), Korean (South)

by Tatiana Gabroussenko (North Korean) and Andrei Lankov (South Korean), with an introduction by Sheryn Lee   “Firmly rooted in the rotten, bourgeois life, the Korean language now spoken in Seoul still uses the nasal twangs favoured by women to flirt with men…; on top of this, English, Japanese, and Chinese loan words, now swarming […]

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North Korean – Sahoejuŭ

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (North), Socialism

사회주의 사회주의 락원, 우리 식 사회주의 Sahoejuŭ sahoejuŭi rakwŏn, uri sik sahoejuŭi ‘Socialist paradise’, ‘Socialism of our style/of Korean style’ Relates to socialism In the North Korean lexicon the term ‘socialism’ (sahoejuŭi) refers not only to the political/economic system of the DPRK, but also to the concept of a stable and secure North Korean society. […]

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North Korean – Sulyŏng (nim)

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (North), Leader

수령(님) (김 일성 동지), (경애하는) 장군님 (김 정일 동지) Sulyŏng (nim) (Kim Il-Sŏng tongji), (kyŏng-aehan’ŭm) jang-kunnim (Kim Jyŏng-Il tongji) ‘The (Great) Leader’ (Comrade Kim Il Sung), ‘The (Dear) Marshal/The General’ (Comrade Kim Jong Il)’ (위대한 Kim Jong Il) Relates to Leader Both North Korean leaders, father and son, are seen to personally guarantee the North […]

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North Korean – Juch’e

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (North), Self-determination

주체 Juch’e ‘self-reliance, self-determination’ Relates to self-determination Juch’e, or chuch’e, refers to the self-reliance of Korea upon its own resources, and also its total independence/self-determination in politics, economics and defence. The concept first emerged in 1955, and indicated an open proclamation of the independence of the country from Soviet and Chinese political and cultural influence. […]

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North Korean – Minjok | Minjoksŏng

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (North), Nation, Race

민족 minjok ‘national; nation’ 민족성 minjoksŏng ‘racial, ethnic entity, national spirit, national essence, national characteristics’ Relates to nation; race Although minjok (nation) is a referent of security, it is at the same time in itself a power that ensures security. To be secure in the North Korean discourse invariably means living within the frame of […]

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North Korean – Oese

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (North), Threat

외세 oese ‘external (foreign, alien, outside) forces’   Relates to threat The concept of a constant outside threat is extremely important in North Korean cultural discourse. While many political cultures exploit the image of ’the Other’, in the North Korean case this concept obviously dominates – serving various domestic political purposes, such as justifying state […]

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North Korean – Chegukjuŭi

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Imperialism, Korean (North), Threat

제국주의 chegukjuŭi Relates to imperialism, imperialist Unlike oese, imperialism represents a rather specific threat. It takes the form of 미제 mije (American imperialism) and to a lesser degree, 일제 ilje (Japanese imperialism). Imperialism is an opposing concept to socialism – an embodiment of all things evil, including failings in culture, manners, diet, human relations, etc. […]

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North Korean – Sŏngun choŏnch’i

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (North), Military

성군 정치 / 시대 Sŏngun choŏnch’i / sidae ‘Military- first’ policy / ‘Military-first’ epoch Relates to military The concept of ‘the military first’ policy or ‘the military first epoch’ legitimises the dominant position of the army and the militarisation of all the spheres of North Korean life in the name of self-defense and independent foreign […]

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North Korean – Kangsŏng taekuk kŏnsŏl

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Independence, Korean (North), State, Territorial Integrity

강성대국건설 kangsŏng taekuk kŏnsŏl ‘Building of the powerful state’ Relates to state The concept first emerged in 1998, and now is announced to be the main policy goal for 2007-2008. There is reference to this strategy being accomplished by 2012, the year of the 100th anniversary of Kim Il Sung. For all its popularity the […]

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North Korean – Nankong pullakŭi yosae

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (North), Security, Sovereignty

난공불락의 요새 Nankong pullakŭi yosae (variations: 철옹성 ch’ŏlongsŏng, 철벽의 요새 ch’ŏlpyŏkŭi yosae) ‘Impregnable fortress’ Relates to sovereignty The necessity of turning the country into an impregnable fortress – be it in the face of a physical or psychological attack by the evil overseas forces – is a popular concept in North Korea. The curious logical […]

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North Korean – Kyŏlsa ongui | Ch’ongp’atan adŭl/ttal/yŏngung

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Ethnicity, Korean (North), Sacrifice

결사옹위 kyŏlsa ongui ‘Desperate readiness to die (for the Leader, the country, the Party etc)’ 총파탄 아들딸/영웅 ch’ongp’atan adŭl/ttal/yŏngung “Sons and daughters of guns and bombs”, ”heroes of living guns and bombs”, “living guns and bombs” Relates to sacrifice This means a person’s determination to sacrifice his/her life and youth for the sake/defence of the […]

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