Languages of Security in the Asia-Pacific

College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University

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Entries Tagged as 'Ethnicity'

Thai – Kwaam pen Thai

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Ethnicity, Thai

ความเป็นไทย Kwaam pen Thai Relates to Thai-ness The nationalism that infuses Thailand’s security language is very apparent in the deployment of ‘Thai-ness”, and its continuing defence, as one way that the nation is made strong. For Thai-ness to retain its potency it requires the almost perpetual threat from some other, often the Burmese but sometimes […]

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Shan – Yen Pen Marn

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Ethnicity, Shan

Yen Pen Marn ‘Transforming or becoming Burmese’   Relates to cultural imperialism; Burmanization There is no term that accurately conveys the concept of ‘cultural imperialism’. The closest term is ‘yen pen Marn’, which translates as ‘transforming or becoming Burmese.’ More commonly, and more colourfully used is the term om uen, meaning ‘to swallow’. It is […]

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Malaysian – Ketuanan Melayu

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Ethnicity, Malaysian

Ketuanan Melayu Relates to ‘Malay supremacy’ as a referent of security To the primacy placed upon the Malay/Muslim concept must be added the notion of ketuanan Melayu (or Malay superiority). An entrenched feature within the Malaysian constitution especially following the riots on 13 May 1969, the term tuan – translated into English as ‘master’ or […]

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Malaysian – Bangsa Malaysia

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Ethnicity, Malaysian

Bangsa Malaysia Relates to referents of security The emphasis given to the concepts of Malay/Muslim and Ketuanan Melayu is a reminder of the extent to which ‘the Malays’ rather than ‘Malaysia’ can be seen as the most important focus of security thinking. But this does not entail a complete denial of an over-arching national identity, […]

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Malaysian – Orang Asing

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Ethnicity, Malaysian

Orang Asing Relates to colonialists and illegal immigrants, as threats to security Ancaman (threats) is the key word used by all Malaysians to describe threats to life, religion and property. Among the threats to national security – and a critical part of mainstream discourses since the attainment of independence – are those threats presented by […]

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North Korean – Kyŏlsa ongui | Ch’ongp’atan adŭl/ttal/yŏngung

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Ethnicity, Korean (North), Sacrifice

결사옹위 kyŏlsa ongui ‘Desperate readiness to die (for the Leader, the country, the Party etc)’ 총파탄 아들딸/영웅 ch’ongp’atan adŭl/ttal/yŏngung “Sons and daughters of guns and bombs”, ”heroes of living guns and bombs”, “living guns and bombs” Relates to sacrifice This means a person’s determination to sacrifice his/her life and youth for the sake/defence of the […]

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Burmese – Thwei

May 25th, 2011 · 1 Comment · Burmese, Ethnicity

Thwēi ‘Blood’ Relates to ethnicity The salience of blood (thwēi) in the Burmese security discourse is often lost in English language translations, especially in government propaganda.  However, thwēi figures prominently in the Burmese security discourse as a referent of security, and is also central to important security related concepts including race, nation, ethnicity, unity, and […]

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