Languages of Security in the Asia-Pacific

College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University

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Entries Tagged as 'Nation'

Japanese – Kokka

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Japanese, Nation

国家(こっか) kokka Relates to nation The term consists of two characters: 国 koku / kuni – country; (the) state; region; home (hometown, home country); (arch)land; earth 家 ka / ie – house; home; family   Kokka conveys the meaning of ‘state’, ‘country’ or ‘nation’, yet it also suggests family. The term kokumin, 国民, conveys the meaning […]

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South Korean – Minjok

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (South), Nation

민족    (民族) minjok Relates to nation The concept of ‘nation’ (민족 (民族) minjok) is new in Korean. The term was first used only around 1905 and is a loanword from the Japanese word ‘minzoku’. However, the Korean perception of the term is somewhat different from the understanding of the English ‘nation’. In the case of […]

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Thai – Chaat

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Nation, Thai

ชาติ Chaat Relates to nation Arguably the most important referent for security thinking in Thailand remains ‘the nation’ (chaat). The word is derived from the Sanskrit Jata which is the same root as most Indian terms for caste. In Thai it carries a sense of racial and national cohesiveness even though Thailand is a remarkably […]

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Chinese – Guójiā

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Chinese, Nation, State

國家 (国家) Guójiā Relates to ‘state’ (guójiā is understood to be an organisation or an entity) The term is composed of two Chinese characters: 國 – guó – state, the capital of a state, a manor which belongs to nobilities in the ancient time, individuals or things that are related to the emperor of the […]

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Shan – Jer Jad Van Möng

May 27th, 2011 · No Comments · Nation, Shan

Jer Jad Van Möng Relates to nation The term for nation combines the words for nationality, jer jad, with the words for village, van, and country or state, möng. The joined term, it must be stressed, has the connotation of a country of a certain people or race, and there a suggestion to that the […]

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North Korean – Minjok | Minjoksŏng

May 26th, 2011 · No Comments · Korean (North), Nation, Race

민족 minjok ‘national; nation’ 민족성 minjoksŏng ‘racial, ethnic entity, national spirit, national essence, national characteristics’ Relates to nation; race Although minjok (nation) is a referent of security, it is at the same time in itself a power that ensures security. To be secure in the North Korean discourse invariably means living within the frame of […]

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Burmese – Amyo, lumyo, taing yin tha lumyo

May 25th, 2011 · No Comments · Burmese, Nation

Amyō, lumyō, tāing yīn thā lumyō Relates to race; nation; ethnicity; national race; ethnic nationality; indigenous race The Burmese language lacks precise terms for the English language concepts of race, ethnicity, and nationality, which are variously concepts, referents and threats to security.  Sometimes very specific meanings are imputed to amyō, lumyō, tāing yīn thā lumyō, […]

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Burmese – Myanma | Bama

May 25th, 2011 · No Comments · Burmese, Nation

Myanma | Bama Relates to Burma (bama) and Myanmar The etymology of Burma and Myanmar is disputed.  The Hobson-Jobson Dictionary traces both words to Mran-mā, with Bam-mā enjoying broader colloquial usage while Mran-mā became restricted to formal and written language.  Theories variously ascribe the word Mran-mā to a corruption of Bramma (Brahmin) adopted from Buddhist […]

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