- Annual General Meeting of The Australian Association for the Advancement of Pacific Studies (AAAPS), 10 May 2013
- Dr. Hsiao-chun Hung returns to the Mariana Islands
- Vote buying prevalent in Indonesia and the Pacific
- The end of the Pacific? Sea-level change and Pacific Island livelihoods
- Politics, development and security in Oceania
- Kago, Kastom and Kalja: The Study of Indigenous Movements in Melanesia Today (Cahiers du Credo) (Volume 2)
- In conversation with Sir Mekere Morauta
- Engendering objects: Dynamics of Barkcloth and Gender among the Maisin of Papua New Guinea by
- Another Port Moresby community bulldozed
- Reflections on the PNG Budget Forum: Can devolved funding be effectively utilised
- European Investment Bank backs remote aviation investment in the South Pacific
- Lifting skills in the Pacific: using infrastructure procurement for skills transfer
- Fiji constitutional referendum? Unlikely
- CDI Policy Paper: Comparing Across Regions: Parties and Political Systems in Indonesia and the Pacific Islands
- SSGM’s ‘State of the Pacific’ Conference (25-26 June 2013)
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Tag Archives: Bougainville
New website for “Engendering Persons, Transforming Things: Christianities, Commodities and Individualism in Oceania”
Professor Margaret Jolly’s ARC Laureate Project Engendering Persons, Transforming Things: Christianities, Commodities and Individualism in Oceania has a new website.*
This project “addresses a profound and long-debated question about the historical interaction between Oceanic and western constructs of the person and contemporary controversies about the role of Christianity in the emergence of modern individualism. It is distinctive in linking the gender of persons with gendered things. It critically evaluates the role of Christianity in relation to processes of individuation emergent from the commoditisation of land, labour and consumption, biomedical systems of health and introduced legal regimes. It will significantly enhance Australia’s research capacity as well as its cultural understanding and delivery of development assistance in the region, with particular regard to gender justice, law and health.”
The team of staff and students is working across the region in Vanuatu (Margaret Jolly, Latu Latai); Papua New Guinea (Katherine Lepani, Latu Latai); the autonomous region of Bougainville and Solomon Islands (Anna-Karina Hermkens); Banaba and transnational Oceania (Katerina Teaiwa); Samoa (Latu Latai); New Zealand (Areti Metuamate) and Hawai’i (Marata Tamaira).
[* read more about the photo (above) on the new Laureate site.]
A report and commentary by Dr Tess Newton Cain* on a panel discussion convened on 4 February 2013 by the State, Society and Governance in Melanesia Program. [See an account of the presentation by panelist Dr Matthew Allen on the CAP website.]
The members of the panel** represented a number of disciplinary approaches including economics, anthropology and law. With the focus on mining much attention was paid to PNG and, more particularly, Bougainville although other countries (Solomon Islands, Fiji and New Caledonia) were also discussed. (more…)
Women Leadership in Peacebuilding Program 2013 Academic Scholarship (deadline for applications extended)
The Pacific Institute has just received news from The Pacific Centre for Peacebuilding (PCP) that the deadline has been extended on applications for The Women Leadership in Peacebuilding Program 2013 Academic Scholarship. This scholarship is intended to meet all of the costs associated with the completion of a Graduate Certificate in Peacebuilding at the Center for Justice and Peace Building (CJP) in Eastern Mennonite University (Virginia) in the USA. There is no official application form – applicants are required to submit the following documents to Lita Stolz (email@example.com) at PCP by or before 15 December 2012;
- Two letters of recommendation in support of the applicant
- Official university transcripts (if the applicant has completed tertiary study)
- Current resume or CV of applicant
- Two page essay outlining why the applicant is interested in the program and how she hopes to use the degree
- For those who have not completed any undergraduate studies who wish to apply, a 4 -5 page essay is required which should explain how the applicant’s life experiences have prepared her for graduate-level study.
by Dr Rachel Hendery, Linguistics ANU.
[NB: Rachel's map is interactive and provides information on the research priorities for these various language communities. We have included it here to suggest just one of the many ways Google Maps may facilitate workshops, discussion, etc. in area-studies research.]
On 27-28 October, a workshop Continuity and Change: Grammars of the Pacific was held at ANU. Around 30 people attended, including visitors from the University of Auckland, the University of Newcastle, the University of New England, and the University of Canberra. Keynote talks were given by Prof. Jeff Siegel (UNE) on “Language transfer and grammatical change: Evidence from Pacific contact varieties” and by Assoc. Prof. Frank Lichtenberk (University of Auckland) on “Complementation in Oceanic: Focus on complementisers”.
One of the highlights of the workshop was a discussion on regional priorities for future linguistic research in the Pacific. Participants were asked to report on the most urgent or important research questions in the region they work in, and to consider for example, if approached by a new PhD student who wanted to work in that region, what sorts of projects they might suggest. This discussion led to a very useful list of priorities, in which we can clearly see the differences between the current research status of various regions, as well as some similar themes in current and future interests across the Pacific. The points brought up at this discussion are summarised by region below: (more…)
Since the publication of the 2005 Human Security Report, scholars and policy-makers have debated the causes, interpretation and implications of what the report described as a global decline in armed conflict since the end of the Cold War. Focusing on the Asia-Pacific region, this book analyses the causes and patterns of this decline.
In few regions has the apparent decline in conflict been as dramatic as in the Asia-Pacific, with annual recorded battle deaths falling in the range of 50 to 75 percent between 1994 and 2004. Drawing on a wide range of case studies, this book looks at internal conflicts based on the mobilization of ethnic and nationalist grievances, which have been the most costly in human lives over the last decade.
The book identifies structures, norms, practices and techniques that have either fuelled or moderated conflicts. As such, it is an essential read for students and scholars of international relations, peace and conflict studies and Asian studies.
Please note that changes to the submission deadline (now 15 December 2012) and additional information for applicants is on a more recent post to Outrigger.
The Pacific Centre for Peacebuilding (PCP) is offering (16) scholarships to qualified women from Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, West Papua, Tonga, Samoa, and Vanuatu, to attend the “Women’s Peace Leadership Academic Cohort Program” (WPLP) offered in collaboration with the Center for Justice and Peace Building (CJP) in Eastern Mennonite University (Virginia) in the USA. (more…)
Kylie McKenna was awarded her PhD in October 2012 for a sweeping work entitled “Interdependent Engagement: Corporate Social Responsibility in Bougainville and Papua”.
Her PhD was the result of a journey through nine countries, witnessing and documenting the lessons of eighty diverse stakeholders, ranging from multinational resource company executives to local landowners, about how businesses can amend their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices to facilitate peaceful development. The thesis makes deft use of case studies of Bougainville and Papua to analyse the effectiveness of CSR responses amongst major resource companies to respond to threats to peace that arise from the issues of most concern to locals. The analysis reveals that despite a commitment to CSR (or one of its synonyms), Bougainville Copper Limited (BCL), Freeport and BP (British Petroleum) failed to resolve local grievances related to their business practices in Bougainville and Papua. Often, they made things worse. In response, the great contribution of the thesis is to develop a framework of ‘Interdependent Engagement’.
Interdependent Engagement addresses the limitations of CSR to resolve conflict flashpoints associated with extraction of natural resources. Based on principles of mutuality, reflexivity, engagement and flexibility, Interdependent Engagement is a model of CSR transformed. It is a sophisticated alternative CSR less likely to aggravate conflict, more likely to facilitate peaceful development of natural resources. The model will be of practical use in assisting corporations to be more responsive to the consequences of their business practices and relationships on the societies and environments in which they operate.
Since submitting her PhD, Kylie has been teaching the Sociology of Third World Development at the ANU and working with Prof. Neil Gunningham on the “Energy Governance and Climate Change: Towards a Low Carbon Economy” project at RegNet. She has been much loved in RegNet and we look forward to her future achievements.
In his latest post to NewMatilda.com, Nic Maclellan argues that Australia may have to address renewed demands for decolonisation from the region when it assumes its seat on the United Nations Security Council in 2013. [Read Maclellan's follow-up post to New Matilda, Siding With France In The Pacific.]
Of particular interest to Pacific scholars will be John Braithwaite’s ambitious Peacebuilding Compared project, which has resulted in four important publications on conflict and peacebuilding in the region: West Papua (Anomie and violence: Non-truth and reconciliation in Indonesian peacebuilding), Papua New Guinea (Reconciliation and architectures of commitment: Sequencing peace in Bougainville), Solomon Islands (Pillars and Shadows: Statebuilding as peacebuilding in Solomon Islands) and East Timor (Networked governance of freedom and tyranny: Peace in Timor-Leste). All of these publications are available free online from ANU E Press.
Request for informants: Bougainvilleans, Timorese or Solomon Islanders experiences with peacekeepers
Request for informants by Kimberley Doyle, PhD Candidate, History, CASS, ANU.
As part of a history PhD research project on peacekeeping in Bougainville, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste , I am seeking the assistance of Bougainvilleans, Timorese or Solomon Islanders who experienced life with peacekeeping forces in any of these three places. The project is an exploration of the perceptions, interactions and behaviours between Australian peacekeepers and local people. Participation would involve talking about your experiences and thoughts about peacekeeping in your country as part of a larger oral history project.
The ANU’s Centre for Democratic Institutions (CDI) hosted the Pacific Parliamentary Leadership Dialogue in Canberra from 8 to 13 Feb. 2012. The Dialogue was designed for a select group of influential and emerging parliamentarians from across the Pacific to reflect on what it means to be a parliamentarian today and to consider what they as individuals can do … [read more].
by Assoc. Prof. Paul Sharrad, University of Wollongong.
Dr Regis Stella died April 18. He had been teaching at UPNG since 1988 and was a leading figure in literary scholarship and creative writing in Papua New Guinea. Regis was born in Bougainville. His origins surface repeatedly in his work, his first publication being in musicology, Forms and Styles of Traditional Banoni Music (1990) and the Banoni language supplying the titles of his two novels, Gutsini Posa (Rough Seas, 1999) and Mata Sara (Crooked Eyes, 2010). Gutsini Posa deals with the secessionist war, and Regis was greatly troubled during that period, always wanting to return to his home island and take part in political change.
Nonetheless, he pursued his academic career, completing a Masters at the University of Wollongong (UOW) and a doctorate at the University of New South Wales (UNSW), both in Pacific literatures, and returned to Port Moresby to continue his teaching there. Regis could be a very genial companion and remained committed to promoting Pacific writing amongst students. This cause he supported by adding to scarce teaching materials, firstly with the anthology Moments in Melanesia (1994) and latterly with Unfolding Petals: Readings in Modern Papua New Guinea Literature. Unfortunately, Regis did not live long enough to see its impending launch. His doctorate has appeared in book form from the University of Hawai’i (Imagining the Other: the Representation of the PNG Subject 2007). Regis’s quiet dedication to Pacific Literature will be greatly missed.
[Ed: Paul Sharrad supervised Regis Stella's Masters Thesis at UOW, titled: "Tempers unchained": politics and meaning of pre-independence Papua New Guinea drama (1991). This thesis is in the process of being digitised.]
Other obituaries to Dr Stella online include:
- UPNG mourns passing of senior lecturer Dr Regis Stella (Kairu Laho, UPNG Pub Rels)
- Condolence message (Prof. Edward P. (Ted) Wolfers)
- PNG mourns passing of novelist Regis Stella (Keith Jackson & Co.)
SSGM Podcast: Wed, 8 Feb 2012 13:30:00 EST
Nic Maclellan, Independent Researcher and Dr Anthony Regan, Fellow SSGM. Listen to this podcast (39.6 MB 86:29 mins)
Following a bloody civil war, peace consolidated slowly and sequentially in Bougainville. That sequence was of both a top-down architecture of credible commitment in a formal peace process and layer upon layer of bottom-up reconciliation. Reconciliation was based on indigenous traditions of peacemaking. It also drew on Christian traditions of reconciliation, on training in restorative justice principles and on innovation in womens’ peacebuilding. Peacekeepers opened safe spaces for reconciliation, but it was locals who shaped and owned the peace. There is much to learn from this distinctively indigenous peace architecture. It is a far cry from the norms of a ‘liberal peace’ or a ‘realist peace’. The authors describe it as a hybrid ‘restorative peace’ in which ‘mothers of the land’ and then male combatants linked arms in creative ways. A danger to Bougainville’s peace is weakness of international commitment to honour the result of a forthcoming independence referendum that is one central plank of the peace deal. [download]