Disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) constitute the United Nations’ (UNs) standardised approach to post-conflict peace-keeping.
The long-term consolidation of peace, however, rests heavily upon the final phase of this intervention, and the extent to which former combatants are successfully reintegrated within cohesive receiving communities.
Our project reviews, critically examines and contrasts the conceptualisation and measurement of the reintegration of children affected by armed conflict within peer reviewed literature. We present a conceptual map of reintegration, and posit a distinction between normative constructions of reintegration, or “procedural reintegration”, and the achievement of “substantive reintegration”, as guided by local norms that inhere within groups and social institutions.
Through this sharpened focus upon receiving groups, social institutions and local norms, we posit a more clarified conceptualization of reintegration, apposite to guiding the development of locally valid instruments and informing the design, monitoring and evaluation of reintegration programs.
Dr. Ibolya (Ibi) Losoncz is a research fellow at RegNet. Her research focuses on the interplay between individual and institutional elements of integration and inclusion. She published in Journal of Refugee Studies, Child Abuse and Neglect, Australian Social Policy, and The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. Her broader research interest includes: forced migration and settlement, African diaspora, responsive regulation and institutional legitimacy, empirical evaluation, and research design.
Dr Luke Bearup is an Honourary Lecturer at the College of Arts and Social Sciences and a Research Officer at RegNet. His research focuses upon policy and interventions related to migration and the protection and reintegration of vulnerable groups, particularly children and former victims of trafficking and exploitation.