Kwong Chi Man
This paper examines the ways in which intellectual officers of the National Revolutionary Army (Guomin geming jun 國民革命軍) learnt from foreign military developments in the decade before the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945). It looks at the role of these intellectual officers in effecting military change. It suggests that a considerable number were fixated on the pursuit of a post-First World War “modern” approach to war, which relied heavily on technology and industrial capability. However, this approach proved in the end to be impractical.