Natural resources are threatened by an increasing expansion of illegal activities all over the globe. Illegal use of natural resources leads in most cases to violations of regulations, property rights, social justice and can ultimately have a negative effect on sustainable development. At the same time, unauthorised or illegal activities can be common and sometimes even socially accepted activities that have been occurring for a long time but have become illegal through changes in the institutional setting. Some of these illegal activities, for instance, the hunting of rhinos, has attracted significant public and political attention. However, other activities, such as the illegal extraction of water or unauthorised sand exploitation, have hardly been acknowledge and have not received policy responses so far.
This seminar will introduce a framework for analysing governance settings and policy responses related to diverse forms of illegal use of natural resources. This framework will allow an exploration of the similarities and differences of governance responses across diverse forms of illegal natural resources in various regions, for example, illegal logging, illegal fishing, poaching, illegal mining or illegal use of water use.
This seminar is intended as a starting point for further discussions on the illegal use of natural resources from an international relations, public policy and governance perspective. Ultimately, it is intended that the framework and the expected comparative analysis should provide insights allowing policy learning across diverse sectors and regions.
About the speaker
Daniela Kleinschmit is Chair of Forest and Environmental Policy at the Albert-Ludwigs University of Freiburg, Germany and Vice-President of the International Union of Forest Research Organisations (IUFRO). She has undergraduate and doctoral degrees from the University of Göttingen and held academic appointments there, at the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, and at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, before being appointed to the Chair at the University of Freiburg in 2014. She was Dean of its Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources in 2018/9, and became Vice-President of IUFRO in 2019. Daniela’s research focuses on forest governance in Europe and internationally and she has published on topics including the bioeconomy, discourse analysis, international forest governance, illegal logging and media communication.