In the India-Myanmar borderlands, governments seek to buy peace from rebellious ethnic groups. Those who surrender expect cash payments for laying down their arms. The Indian government puts significant resources into paying off its enemies: their weapons and operational knowledge all come with a price tag. With a big lump-sum grant followed by a monthly stipend, cashing in as a former rebel can be a lucrative option. The Indian authorities have struggled to make these incentives work, whereas in Myanmar there has been more success with crude economic transfers. Paying for peace makes for inconsistent investment returns.