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Papers on the Solomon Islands and other Pacific Islands

  • AU PMB MS 1290
  • Collectie
  • 1879-1927

Charles Morris Woodford was born in 1852 and educated at Tonbridge School in England. He settled in Suva about 1882 and from Fiji visited Kiribati (the Gilbert Islands group), as Government agent on the ketch Patience. In 1886, as a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society he made the first of three successive explorations of the Solomon Islands, especially Guadalcanal, where he was the first white man to penetrate the interior to any distance, collecting natural history specimens for the British Museum. His experiences are described in his book A Naturalist Among Headhunters (1890). In 1895 Woodford became Acting Consul and Deputy Commissioner at Samoa, and in the following year, a part of the Solomon Group having been made a British Protectorate, he was appointed the first Resident Commissioner, a post which he retained until his retirement in 1914. His later years were spent in Sussex.
Woodford contributed an account of his visit to the Gilbert Islands to The Geographical Journal in 1895, and a note on Ontong Java in 1909. In 1916 he read a paper to the Royal Geographical Society on Polynesian settlements in the Solomon Islands, published in the Journal in 1926. Woodford helped elucidate the narratives of Mandaña’s discovery of the Solomon Islands by identifying places visited by the Spaniards and taking photographs for inclusion in the Hakluyt Society publications. He also published papers in the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, of which he was a Fellow.
From The Geographical Journal, 1928, pp.206-207.

This microfilm copy of the Woodford Papers was made by the Bureau (as PMB 150-PMB154) in 1971 when the papers were held for a time at the Department of Pacific History, RSPAS, Australian National University. Since then the microfilm negative has been held under restricted access in the Records Room in the Division of Pacific and Asian History where it has been used from time to time by various scholars. The family of Mr Woodford has now given permission for the microfilm to be released.

The papers are arranged in 30 bundles which are microfilmed in the following order:
Reel 1 – Bundles 2-7.
Reel 2 – Bundles 8, 10, 12, 15, 16, 18 & 19.
Reel 3 – Bundles 13, 17 & 21.
Reel 4 – Bundles 20, 22, 23, 24 & 25.
Reel 5 – Bundles 27, 29, 30 & 11.
Bundle 1, photographs, have not been microfilmed. No list of the documents in bundles 9, 14, 26 & 28, which have also not been microfilmed, is available at present.

The documents in the bundles are classified in the following 12 series:
Series 1 Diaries
• 1/1 'Journal of a voyage from Suva Fiji to the Gilbert Group and back. From March 4th to June 22nd 1884'.
• 1/2 Diary 16 April - 5 July 1886
• 1/3 Diary 6 Jul-3 Aug 1886
• 1/4 'Diary from 4th August 1886 to November 10th 1886. Chas M. Woodford, F.R.G.S. Gravesend England'.
• 1/5 A revised version of Diary, April - July 1880. Original at 1/2
• 1/6 Diary 24 January - 5 June, 1887.
• 1/7 Diary 7 June - 25 September, 1887.
• 1/8 Diary 16 August 1888 — 3 January 1889.
• 1/9 Diary of part of tour of duty aboard ‘Pylades’ 30 May - 10 Aug. 1896.
• 1/10 Index to diaries 1886-9 and other works of reference.
Series 2 Correspondence
Series 3 History, geography, voyages, expeditions, administration
Series 4 Ethnography and natural history
Series 5 Languages, vocabularies
Series 6 Zoology
Series 7 Reprints
Series 8 British Colonial reports, notices, proclamations, etc.
Series 9 Press cuttings
Series 10 Photographs
Series 11 Sketches, tracings, maps, plans
Series 12 Manuscripts, cards.
See Finding aids for details.

Woodford, Charles Morris

Manuscripts, pamphlets and press cuttings relating to Rev. William Gray

  • AU PMB MS 1123
  • Collectie
  • 1884-1895, 1913-1915

William Gray (1854-1937) was born near Gawler, South Australia. He obtained his BA from Adelaide University and graduated in divinity from Union College in 1880, the first Presbyterian student to complete the course. He spent 1881, the year of his ordination, in medical training at Adelaide Hospital and as Minister to the congregations of Goodwood and Mount Barker. He married Elizabeth McEwen in 1882 and shortly after they sailed for Weasisi, Tanna, New Hebrides in the <I>Dayspring</I>. Gray was the first Presbyterian Church of South Australia missionary to the New Hebrides. He produced a grammar, primer, hymnal and translation of Luke's Gospel in the Tanna language. At the age of 71 Gray became head of the Smith of Dunsek Presbyterian Mission which later became the nucleus of John Flynn's Australian Inland Mission. See also PMB 1046, 1047 and 1048.

Rev Gray's manuscripts, phamphlets and press cuttings on the labour traffic; copies of some annual reports of the Queensland Kanaka Mission and the Queensland Department of Pacific Island Immigration; pamphlets by J G Paton, A C Smith and J Inglis 1915; William Watt Erskine's recollections of his childhood on Tanna, lantern slides and photographs of missionary life in the New Hebrides, 1880s. <P> <b>See reel list for further details</b>.

Gray, William

Papers on the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu

  • AU PMB MS 1189
  • Collectie
  • 1881-1993

Born in Wellington, New Zealand, 23 October 1921, Sir Colin took a BA (1943) and MA (1945) at Canterbury University and a Diploma in Anthropology at Magdalene College, Cambridge. He served with the NZ army (1942-44) and with the British Solomon Islands Defence Force (1945).
Sir Colin was appointed in 1945 as an Administrative Cadet in the British Colonial Service and spent a brief training period in the Western District of Fiji. Transferred to the British Solomon Islands Protectorate, he served first as District Officer Nggela, Western Solomons, then D.O. and District Commissioner Western (1946-1948), D.O. Choiseul and Ysabel (1948), D.O. Malu`u (1949) and finally District Commissioner Malaita (1950-1952) at the time of the Marching Rule. He was appointed by the High Commissioner of the Western Pacific to be Special Lands Commissioner on 10 July 1953.
In 1954 Sir Colin was seconded to the Western Pacific High Commission Secretariat as Senior Assistant Secretary, Finance and Development. Here Sir Colin completed the report of the Solomon Islands Special Lands Commission on 17 June 1957. He served as Secretary of the BSIP Agriculture and Industrial Affairs Board (1956-57), Chaired the BSIP Copra Marketing Board (1957-58) and represented the UK on the South Pacific Commission Research Council (1958).
In 1959 Sir Colin transferred to Port Vila where he was appointed Assistant British Resident Commissioner of the New Hebrides Condominium (1959-66) and then Resident Commissioner (1966-73). Sir Colin was appointed Governor and Commander in Chief of the Seychelles (1973-76) and then Governor of the Solomon Islands (1976-1978) at the time of their independence. He was the last High Commissioner of the Western Pacific. Sir Colin was knighted in 1977 and retired from his illustrious career in 1978.
Sir Colin had a close association with Professor Jim Davidson and other members of the faculty in Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies and the National Centre for Development Studies, having been a Visiting Fellow in the Australian National University for a time. His publications include Customary Land Tenure in the Solomon Islands, 1958, based on the report of the Special Lands Commission, Constitution Making in New Island States, 1982, and Solomons Safari, 1989.

Reel 1: PMB 1189/1-21 Sir Colin manuscripts and articles (with reviews), 1951-88; PMB 1189/22-23 Sir Colin’s speeches, 1967-84; PMB 1189/24 Sir Colin’s press articles about Marching Rule, 1945-51; PMB 1189/25 Sir Colin’s letters to editors re colonial administration, 1981-82; PMB 1189/100-107 Papers re the Solomon Islands, 1881-1980.
Reel 2: PMB 1189/108-125 Papers re the Solomon Islands, 1881-1980, cont.
Reel 3: PMB 1189/126-142 Papers re the Solomon Islands, 1881-1980, cont.
Reel 4: PMB 1189/143-159 Papers re the Solomon Islands, 1881-1980, cont.; PMB 1189/160-167 Papers re Vanuatu (New Hebrides), 1897-1993.
Reel 5: PMB 1189/168-183 Papers re Vanuatu (New Hebrides), 1897-1993, cont.
Reel 6: PMB 1189/184-196 Papers re Vanuatu (New Hebrides), 1897-1993, cont.
Reel 7: PMB 1189/197-216 Papers re Vanuatu (New Hebrides), 1897-1993, cont.; PMB 1189/217-218 Papers re general Pacific matters, 1944-1983.
Reel 8: PMB 1189/219-229 Papers re general Pacific matters, 1944-1983, cont.; PMB 1189/267-271 Papers on constitutional development in the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, including resettlement of Gilbertese in the Solomons, 1943-1987.
Reel 9: PMB 1189/272-273 Papers on constitutional development, cont.; PMB 1189/276-280, 285-291 Selected press cuttings, 1953-1989; PMB 1189/294 Selected printed material – Solomon Islands.
Reel 10: PMB 1189/295, 298, 301-303, 306-312 Selected printed material – Solomon Islands, cont.; PMB 1189/384-385, 388 Selected printed material – Vanuatu.
Reel 11: PMB 1189/394-397, 400 Selected printed material – Vanuatu, cont.
<B>See Finding aids for details.</B>

Allan, Colin

Murray John Hubert Plunkett and others miscellaneous printed reports

  • AU PMB DOC 307
  • Collectie
  • 1908-1923
  1. <I>The territories of the Commonwealth</I>, reprint, Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia, 1922.
  2. <I>Timber trees of the Territory of Papua - reports and catalogue</I>, by Gilbert Burnett, 1908.
  3. <I>Papuan timbers - some of the properties of six specimens</I>, by James Mann, 1911.
  4. <I>Review of the Australian administration in Papua from 1907 to 1920</I>, by J.H.P. Murray, CMG.
  5. Views of Australian planting and mining companies, missionaries and others on the administration of Papua, 1922.
  6. <I>Papua of today</I> by J.H.P. Murray, 1923.
  7. <I>Recent exploration in Papua</I> by J.H.P. Murray.
  8. <I>Notes on Colonel Ainsworth's report on the Mandated Territory of New Guinea</I>, by J.H.P. Murray.

Murray John Hubert Plunkett and others

Photographs from Papua New Guinea, mainly New Britain and New Ireland

  • AU PMB PHOTO 1
  • Collectie
  • 1911-1943

Sister Lida Tonkin (Mrs L. Gill), a nursing sister from Young, NSW, first arrived at the Methodist Mission at Raluana in New Britain (Papua New Guinea) in 1916.

The photographs and post cards include events, daily life and traditional customs practiced in Rabaul in the early 20th century. Funerary and marriage customs are represented. There is a good set of photographs on traditional fishing (PMB Photo 1_31 to PMB Photo 1_46). Other images show canoe building and sailing, basket, broom and string making and traditional houses, mission life and the Malabunga hospital. Dances, such as the Kulau dance, carvings used in dances and the

Tonkin, Lida

Papua New Guinea research materials: comparative colonial administration, background papers

  • AU PMB MS 1007
  • Collectie
  • 1906 - 1975

Background papers for a book tentatively entitled 'Comparative colonial administration' by R.S. Parker and Norman Mellor. See also PMB 1005 and 1006.

Labelled files of correspondence, notes, published, semi-published and manuscript material various in form and production method. File headings are those used by Professor Parker, with notes in brackets supplied by PMB. A file heading sheet precedes each file. Within each file, the order of items is that used by Professor Parker. No detailed inventory of contents is available.

Reel 1: Introduction, R.S. Parker; File List: Subject index; Comparative colonial administration; Correspondence
Reel 2: General theme and planning of book; Current reading matter; Economic development policies - general; Micronesian history and policies
Reel 3: Pacific bibliographies; Papua New Guinea (general)
Reel 4: Papua New Guinea papers to be sorted (government 1960s; political development; statistics; demography)
Reel 5: Papua New Guinea bibliographies; Papua New Guinea biography (includes book reviews)
Reel 6: Chapter VII Evaluation of policy (background for chapter incomplete at March 1989)

Parker, Robert Stewart

Papua New Guinea research materials: comparative colonial administration, chapters

  • AU PMB MS 1005
  • Collectie
  • 1870s - 1970s

The 'Chapters' are for a book, tentatively entitled Comparative colonial administration, dealing with Australian and U.S. approaches to colonial administration from the 1870s to 1970s, by R.S. Parker and Norman Mellor. Chapters 1 and 7 had not been completed at the time of filming, March 1989. See PMB 1006 and 1007 for notes and background materials.

Reel 1: Introduction by R.S. Parker, Chapter 2, Chapter 3
Reel 2: Chapter 4, Chapter 5
Reel 3: Chapter 6

Parker, Robert Stewart

Papua New Guinea research materials: comparative colonial administration, notes for chapters

  • AU PMB MS 1006
  • Collectie
  • 1870s - 1970s

Background notes for the 'Chapters' reproduced in PMB 1005, for a book tentatively entitled 'Comparative colonial administration', by R.S. Parker and Norman Mellor. See also PMB 1007.

Manuscript and typed notes, published and semi-published material. File headings are those used by Professor Parker, with notes in brackets supplied by PMB. A file heading sheet precedes each file. Within each file, the order of items is that used by Professor Parker. No detailed inventory of file contents is available.

Reel 1: Introduction, R.S. Parker; Ch. 1 - Introduction files; Ch. 2(a) - Motives for enquiry
Reel 2: Ch. 2(b) - Indigenous political structures; Ch. 2(c) - Population
Reel 3: Ch. 2(d) - Economic resources; Ch. 2(e) - German and British policies
Reel 4: Ch. 3(a) - Military to 1950 (file empty); Ch. 3(b) - Government to 1950; Ch. 3(c) - Economic to 1950; Ch. 3(d)i - Education to 1950; Ch. 3(d)ii - Health to 1950; Ch. 3(d)iii - Welfare to 1950; Ch. 4(a) - Military to 1960; Ch. 4(b) - Governance to 1960
Reel 5: Ch. 4(c) - Economic to 1960; Ch. 4(d)i - Education to 1960; Ch. 4(d)ii - Health to 1960; Ch. 5(a) - Military to 1960s; Ch. 5(b) Governance to 1960; Ch.5 - Governance 1960s A-C; Ch. 5 - Governance 1960s D 1-7
Reel 6: Ch. 5 - Governance 1960s D 8
Reel 7: Ch. 5 - Governance 1960s E and F; Ch. 5(4)(c) - Economics in 1960s
Reel 8: Ch. 5(d)i - Education in 1960s; Ch. 5(d)ii - Health in 1960s
Reel 9: Ch. 6(a) - Military in 1970s; Defence; Ch. 6D - Governance in 1970s
Reel 10: Ch. 6D iii - Geographically uniform; Ch. 6D v - Administrative Executive Council; Ch.6D vi - Legislative; parties; Ch.6D vii - Legal institutions; Ch. 6D viii - Administration; Ch. 6 - Governance 1970s: E local government
Reel 12: Ch. 6(c) - Economics 1970s
Reel 13: Ch. 6(d)i - Education in 1970s; Ch. 6(d)ii - Health in 1970s

Parker, Robert Stewart

Papua New Guinea: Two series of photographs

  • AU PMB MS 1010
  • Collectie
  • c.1916

The origin of the photographs is unknown however, they have been identified as being from the Manus Province, possibly Manus Island, and from the Baining and Tolai areas of East New Britain.

The collection consists of two series of photographs. In the first series of 10 large-size photos, numbers 1-6 are of natives of Manus Province and numbers 7-10 are from the Baining and Tolai areas of East New Britain. The photos illustrate native dress, dance dress and masks, customs and housing.

The second series consists of 176 smaller photos mostly taken in or around Rabaul, Kokopo, Port Moresby and Samarai in Milne Bay. A numbered list precedes the set with brief information on each photo. Included are photos of white soldiers; natives; landscapes; Commander Col. S.A. Pethebrige, Administrator from January 1915 to October 1917; and local buildings giving a good impression of the state of these places when they were taken over by the Australians. The two series are preceded by detailed notes on the photos compiled by Mr Ton Otto, Department of Anthropology, Research School of Pacific Studies who has also provided a list of related literature.

Papua New Guinea: Two Series of Photographs

New Guinea Territory Reports to the League of Nations

  • AU PMB DOC 315
  • Collectie
  • Sept. 1914 - June 1940

The first report covers Sept. 1914-30 June 1921: all subsequent reports are for 1 July - 30 June. For Annex C of the Report for 1921/22 see PMB Doc 316.

Reel 1: Sept. 1914 - 30 June 1924
Reel 2: 1 July - 1924 - 30 June 1935
Reel 3: 1 July 1935 - 30 June 1940

New Guinea Territory

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