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Autobiography: Every Goose a Swan, Volume 2

  • AU PMB MS 1230
  • Collection
  • 1993

Bob Langdon, the first executive officer of the Pacific Manuscripts Bureau, 1968-1984, established his reputation as a Pacific Specialist with the publication of his history of Tahiti, <i>Island of Love</i>, in London in 1959. As a journalist with the <i>Pacific Islands Monthly (PIM)</i>, 1962-67, he travelled extensively in the Islands on assignments producing investigative articles, many on obscure aspects of Pacific history. It was in the <i>PIM</i>, too, that Bob first published his account of the marooned Spanish sailors on Amanu in the Tuamotu Islands. This discovery became the basis of his studies of European castaways in the Pacific Islands, prior to Captain Cook, which appeared in his books, <i>The Lost Caravel</i> (1975) and <i>The Lost Caravel Re-explored</i> (1988), and in his many articles published in scholarly journals.

The first volume of Langdon’s autobiography, <i>Every Goose a Swan: An Australian Autobiography</i> (Sydney, Farm Cove Press, 1995) takes the reader up to 1959 when, as a journalist in Adelaide, Langdon was attracted by an advertisement for a ‘Journalist-printer wanted for Polynesian islands’.

Volumes 2, of Langdon’s autobiography, Ts., 107pp., Chs.46-65, and Epilogue, gives an account of Langdon’s work as a journalist on the <i>Pacific Islands Monthly</i>, his recruitment to the Pacific Manuscripts Bureau by Harry Maude, his experiences at the Australian National University, his expeditions to the Pacific islands, his work for the Australian government’s South Pacific Cultures Fund, and his pusuit of his unorthodox views on the migration of the Pacific Islanders.

Langdon, Robert Adrian (1924-2003)

Vanua Scope

  • AU PMB DOC 427
  • Collection
  • Mar 1993-Jan 1994

Vanua Scope, an independent French language weekly, was edited by Patrick Antoine Delcoite, Port Vila, Vanuatu.

<b>See Finding aids for details.</b>

Vanua Scope

Combat Ouvrier, Union Syndicale des Travailleurs Kanaks et des Exploites (USTKE), Noumea.

  • AU PMB DOC 481
  • Collection
  • 1992-2001

In the most industrial country in Oceania, labour unions are quite strong and active, and at times their strikes become militant and political, pushing politicians to complain or listen, for example, on the issue of favoring local hiring that was inscribed in both the Noumea Accord and the organic laws that followed (nc, 18 Oct 2007). Faced with rising living costs, they also want their share of the proceeds from economic development, so the minimum monthly wage was raised in January to 120,000 Pacific francs, or about us$1,200 (nc, 8 Jan 2007). Mining unions noted the rising price of nickel and demanded a corresponding increase in wages, and those in various support or service sectors felt likewise. But social dialogue between workers and employers has all too often not gone smoothly in New Caledonia, leading to roadblocks with burning tires and work stoppages without enough action by the State, positive or negative (nc, 4 Sep, 2 Oct, 9 Oct 2007). France too has its powerful labor unions who strike militantly, but in late 2007 Sarkozy battled transporters over pension reforms, while a thousand people marched in Noumea against “terrorism” by local unions (BBC News, 13 Nov 2007; nc, 12 Nov 2007). For example, USTKE, which Estrosi had criticized, blocked the local cement industry and urban bus company for months—along with other strikes to support favoring local hiring and protecting workers fired for union activities—and in October USTKE called a general strike because the police had intervened (nc, 13 Oct 2007). After testing the waters in the presidential and legislative elections by backing Bove and then its own candidates, respectively, USTKE defied appeals by the FLNKS not to divide the Kanak vote and formed its own Labor Party in November, with support from metropolitan Trotskyists, dedicating itself to independence, anti-globalization, and revolutionary socialism (nc, 16 Nov 2007). It remained one of the two largest unions, as labor leaders compete for membership using dramatic strikes to attract support (nc, 12 April 2007). From David Chappell, “Political review: New Caledonia”, The Contemporary Pacific 12.2 (2000) 515-520.
After a decade, in 2007, USTKE started a new series of Combat Ouvrier, again as a monthly, renumbering from No.1. No.8, Feb 2008, up to No.27, Nov 2010, are available on the web at:

Combat Ouvrier, Nos.1-43, 45-49, 51-54, 1992-2001, published monthly.
See Finding aids for details.

Union Syndicale des Travailleurs Kanaks et des Exploites (Ustke)

Somare: a political biography of the first Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea

  • AU PMB MS 1229
  • Collection
  • 1991

Basil Shaw BA, BEd, DPE (Qld), MA (Ed., London), PhD, completed his biography of Michael Somare as a PhD dissertation in the Division of Humanities, Griffith University, Queensland.

A study of traditional leadership in Papua New Guinean societies provides the conceptual framework for Basil Shaw’s, Somare: A Political Biography of the First Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea. His study examines Somare’s life from his birth in the Murik Lakes in the Mandated Territory of New Guinea in 1936 to his loss of the prime ministership of Papua New Guinea in 1985.

The study is presented in two parts. The first part, Chapters 1-4, establishes a need for a biography of Somare and identifies three major objectives: firstly, to review the material in Somare’s autobiography, Sana, which covers the period to 1975, and to add to it where possible; secondly, to update Somare’s life to 1985, when he lost the prime ministership for the second time, and thirdly to explore the relationship between traditional leadership and contemporary political leadership at the national level.

The second part of the study, Chapters 5 to 10, is the political biography proper. The early chapters focus on the developmental stages of Somare’s life, showing how the leadership characteristics of oratory, effective communication, negotiating ability and the determination to retain power function in the National Parliament. The latter chapters of this part of the dissertation examine the difficulties that Somare and others faced in the introduction of the Westminster system of government into Papua New Guinea. The challengers whom Somare has faced as a political leader, and the issues which deprived him of government in 1980 and 1985, are also examined. (From Basil Shaw’s ‘Abstract’.)

Shaw, Basil John

Bougainville photographs

  • Collection
  • 1990 - 1992

This collection of 34 photographs were taken by Fr. Franz Herkenhoff and Br. Bryan Leak between 1990 and 1992 in Bougainville.
The photographs document aspects of the Bougainville conflict as well as the people Fr. Herkenhoff worked and lived with.

Herkenhoff, Franz

Photographs from a teacher’s missionary work in Samoa

  • AU PMB PHOTO 123
  • Collection
  • 1990-1991

This collection depicts the life and work of Australian missionary school teacher Richard Arbon in Samoa, and his work
predominantly on the island of Savaii on behalf of the Uniting Church World Mission – formerly the Central Methodist Mission.

Arbon Family

A selection of Masters and PhD theses by ex-Malua Theological College students

  • AU PMB MS 1397
  • Collection
  • 1990-2012

Malua Theological College is a training institute for the ministry of the Congregational Christian Church in Samoa (CCCS). It was established in 1844 in a district of Saleimoa west of Apia on the Island of Upolu.
The aim of the College is to provide quality theological education, and to equip student with knowledge and skills necessary for an effective ministry in the Church. In 1997 Malua Theological College introduced a four year course leading to a Bachelor of Theology or Bachelor of Divinity degree. Students are encouraged to appreciate and write about their beliefs as well as Samoan culture and values in relation to the CCCS Theology and faith.

Some students undertake further study, either Masters or PhDs, at universities overseas. The theses are designed as independent research work where students show their originality, creativity and contribution to theological learning. Many of the students use original source materials for their theses, including interviews and unpublished papers.
The Masters theses and Doctor of Philosophy theses have been microfilmed in separate series in date order.

A selection of Masters and PhD theses, held in the Malua Theological College, by ex-Malua Theological College students, undertaken in various universities throughout the world. Many of the student theses cover both Christian and Samoan values and traditions.

See Finding aids for details.

Various Universities

Bougainville correspondence and related documents

  • AU PMB MS 1357
  • Collection
  • 1990-1992

Brother Leak was born in 1942 in Castlemaine Victoria. He joined the Marist Brothers Teaching Order in 1960 and was appointed to Papua New Guinea in 1974. He taught 1974 - 79 at St Xavier's High School in the East Sepik province; 1980-82 at Wabag High School in the Enga province; 1985-92 at St Joseph's Rigu on Bougainville. 1993 at Gizo in the Solomon Islands.
He is now teaching at Red Bend Catholic College in Forbes after teaching for thirteen years at Assumption College Kilmore.

See Finding aids for details.

Leak, Br. Bryan, Sm.


  • AU PMB MS 1166
  • Collection
  • 1989-1999

Pacific Conference No.4 of the ICFTU/APRO held in Port Moresby in 1987 resolved that the ICFTU consider establishing a structure within the ICFTU that would provide a forum for the South Pacific and have an Oceanic identity. The conference also resolved that the ICFTU/APRO education program in the region should be expanded so that there was greater ability to plan and implement activities at the local level. As a result of those decisions the ICFTU/APRO education project was established in June 1988 with the appointment of a full-time educator. The project operated from a Brisbane office, located in the Queensland ACTU building. ICFTU/APRO Regional Conference No.14 held in Bangkok in 1988 endorsed the formation of specific structure for the South Pacific, including the appointment of a full-time executive officer to work alongside the project educator. It was resolved that an inaugural conference would be convened to formalise the establishment of the new body which replaced the Pacific Trade Union Forum and became known as the South Pacific and Oceanic Council of Trade Unions (SPOCTU).
SPOCTU operated as the peak council of the trade union movement in the Pacific Islands, representing affiliated organisations in Fiji, PNG, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Cook Islands, Samoa, Tonga, New Caledonia, New Zealand and Australia. Conferences were held every two years and an intensive program of training workshops was undertaken, often in conjunction with the Pacific office of the Commonwealth Trade Union Council.

• Minutes of SPOCTU Conferences and Steering Committees meetings (ACTU copies), 1989-1999.
• ICFTU/APRO, Pacific Trade Union Forum and SPOCTU steering Committees, Conferences and Projects files, 1987-1998.
• Commonwealth Trade Union Council, Pacific Trade Union Education Liaison Committee: meetings, 1992-1996.
• SPOCTU Country files: Vanuatu, Samoa, Tonga, Solomon islands, Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Cook Islands, 1992-1998.
• SPOCTU Circulars to affiliates, 1990-1998.
See Finding aids for details.
See also Pacific Unionist, 1989-1998, at PMB Doc 553.

South Pacific and Oceania Council of Trade Unions

Results 21 to 30 of 2008