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Diaries, correspondence and miscellaneous papers

  • AU PMB MS 1046
  • Collection
  • 1882 - 1937

William Gray (1854-1937) was born near Gawler, South Australia. He obtained his BA from Adelaide Uni. and graduated in divinity from Union College in 1880, the first Presbyterian student to complete the course. He spent 1881, the year of his ordination, in medical training at Adelaide Hospital and as Minister to the congre-gations of Goodwood and Mount Barker. He married Elizabeth McEwen in 1882 and shortly after they sailed for Weasisi, Tanna, New Hebrides in the Dayspring. Gray was the first Presbyterian Church of South Australia missionary to the New Hebrides. He produced a grammar, primer, hymnal and translation of Luke's Gospel in the Tanna language. At the age of 71 Gray became head of the Smith of Dunesk Presbyterians Mission which later became the nucleus of John Flynn's Australian Inland Mission. See also PMB 1047 and 1048.

The collection is divided into three parts.<BR><P>Part I - Personal Diaries (seven)(Please see PMB 1047 for diaries 1882-84)1 September 1884 to 31 August 1885<BR>1 September 1885 to 31 March 1887<BR>1 April 1887 to 28 April 1889<BR>1 May 1889 to 12 September 1891<BR>12 September 1891 to 31 July 1893<BR>1 August 1893 to 11 March 1898<BR>Medical diary containing case notes, including his wife's confinements, 1882-94 <BR><P>Part II - Miscellaneous Papers<BR>1 - Diary of Andrew Gray, typescript copy, 1794-1816, 10pp; newspaper clipping ?1935 by J.D. Allan Gray (grandson).<BR>2 - Genealogy of the Gray family prepared by William Gray, 15pp handwritten and a 14-page typescript copy<BR>3 - Photograph of Bishop John Gray with notes on reverse; brief history, 1p; photograph of William Gray's mother, Elizabeth Milne<BR>4 - Marriage certificate of William Gray and Eizabeth McEwen, 1882<BR>5 - Birth certificate of William Watt Erskine Gray, 1888<BR>6 - Birth certificate of Winifred Nellie Turner, 1898<BR>7 - Marriage certificate of William W.E. Gray and Winifred N. Turner, 1917<BR>8 - Short history of William Gray on his death in 1937, handwritten (author unknown); press clipping from The Banner, article entitled 'A Bush Batism'<BR>9 - 5 letters to William W.E. Gray, Winifred Gray and the S.A. Caledonian Society Inc. from William Gray re the disposition of books, manuscripts and papers, 1931, 1932 and 1937<BR>10 - Brief history of Church's partici-pation in mission fields in the New Hebrides, William Gray, 1936, 6pp 11 - Typescript article entitled 'Tanna', by William Gray, 3pp<BR>12 - Typescript article entitled 'The New Hebrides, news from Tanna: A Natives' Conference' by William Gray, 5pp<BR>13 - Account of the wreck of the Ferdinand de Lessops, by William Gray, handwritten, 10pp<BR>14 - Notes by clerk of Synod on New Hebrides Mission Synod, 1882, 2pp<BR>15 - Extracts from letters from British and Foreign Bible Society, 1895<BR>16 - Extracts from Journal of Rev. Oscar Michelson, 1897, 10pp<BR>17 - Notes from Minutes of New Hebrides Synod, 1899<BR>18 - Typescript copy of letter written in English by Nuvau, a man on Tanna, dated June 29th 1932 to Thomas Watt, son of William Watt a missionary on Tanna for forty years, 1p<BR>s19 - 'Some Notes on the Tannese' in Internationales Archiv fur Ethnographie, Bd. VII. 1894, pp 227-241, illustrated. Reprint of article by William Gray, 1892<BR>20 - 'William and Elizabeth Gray, Life on Tanna, New Hebrides' draft of a family history begun by William Watt Erskine Gray, incomplete, 1953<BR>21 - Correspondence from Queensland re whereabouts of missing Kanakas <BR><P>Part III - Correspondence to William Gray<BR>The correspondence has been arranged in alphabetical order by the owner. The correspondents are:<BR>Annand, 1894; Australian New Hebrides Company Ltd, 1894; Braithwaite G., 1882-88; British and Foreign Bible Society, 1896; Connell W., 1887; Copeland J., 1887; Cosh J. 1885-94; Cronstedt A., 1894; Forlong H., 1895-96; Fraser R., 1886; Freeman R., 1884; Goodlet and Smith Ltd, 1893-96 (for church at Aniwa); Gunn W., 1883-1902; Ingliss J., 1888; Johnson C.F.; Leggatt Watt F., 1887-94; Landel J., 1894; Lawrie J., 1894; Lyall J. and Lyall H., 1885-88; Macdonald D., 1884-85; MacKenzie J., 1888-1902; Macmillan T., 1894-1911; Martin A., 1894; Michelsen O., 1884-95; Milne P., 1884-95; Morton A., 1887; Murdo R., 1887; Murray C., 1886-87; Paton D., F. and J., 1882-94; Presbyterian Church of South Australia, 1894; Presbyterian Church of Victoria, 1894; Rolland N., 1894; Smaill T., 1894; Steel R., 1882; Watt Agnes, 1893-94; Watt W., 1887-1902There are also 3 letters by the same correspondent whose name is difficult to read, E.J. Suraski?, written from Whitesand January/February 1886. The correspondent and another (Mr Collins?) were shot at by natives and their house broken into and robbed. William Gray offered refuge at his home if the correspondent was unable to get a ship to take him off. See reference to this incident in Elizabeth Gray's journal, PMB 1048.The last item is a letter signed by the Commander of the Raven, Frank Murphy?, 1887

Gray, William

Registers of Melanesian indentured labourers,

  • AU PMB MS 1210
  • Collection
  • 1887-1913.

The copra trade was the core business of the Deutches Handel und Plantagen Gesselschaft. The company had monopoly recruiting rights enabling it to draw labour for its plantations in Samoa from the eastern New Guinea islands and the northern Solomon Islands. The labour registers give the number and name of the labourer, his or her village and district. The registers also note the plantation on which the labourer worked and transfers to employment elsewhere. If applicable, the date and cause of death is noted. There was a high mortality. Otherwise the register notes the date of return. There is also a column for further notes.

Arbeiter Register, Nos.6367-7832, 25 May 1887-24 Feb 1891 [16 Mar 1891];
Arbeiter Register, Nos.7833-9409, 16 Mar 1891-Jan 1897;
Arbeiter Register, Nos.9406-10128, Nos.1-1237, Jan 1897-Jan 1906;
Arbeiter Register, Nos.1238-3187, Jan 1906-Sep 1913.

Deutches Handel Und Plantagen Gesselschaft

Fijian pamphlets collected by Sir Arthur Gordon, Vols.1-5

  • AU PMB MS 1213
  • Collection
  • 1870-1883

Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon, first Baron Stanmore (1829-1912) was born in London and served from 1854 to 1857 as a member of the House of Commons. Gordon served as Governor of Trinidad (1866-1870), Mauritius (1871-1874), Fiji (1875-1880), New Zealand (1880-1882) and Ceylon (1883-1890). From 1877 to 1882 he also served as High Commissioner and Consul-General for the Western Pacific.

Fijian Pamphlets, Volume 1, 1877-1879, Items 1-13: pamphlets on the Polynesian Company’s land claims in Fiji; reports on the commercial and agricultural prospects of Fiji; Gordon’s report on the taxation system in Fiji; Wesleyan Missionary Notices; article from Fiji Times on the departure of Sir Arthur Gordon from Fiji; London Missionary Society report on its mission in New Guinea, et al.
Fijian Pamphlets, Volume 2, 1877-1882, Items 1-10: more pamphlets on Polynesian Co land claims; Church Acts of NSW; Constitution of Tonga; Enquiry into Tongan Mission Affairs; Island Voyage; Dayspring Annual report; extracts from The Aborigines’ Friend, et al.;
Fijian Pamphlets, Volume 3, 1878-1883, Items 1-9: Story of the ‘Little War’; Native Councils in Fiji; Fiji at the Sydney and Melbourne International Exhibitions; Gordon’s Aberdeen address on Fiji; Fiji trade report, et al.;
Fijian Pamphlets, Volume 4, 1870-1880, Items 1-18: constitution of the Fiji Federation of Chiefs; and other publication on colonisation, sovereignty, politics and commerce in Fiji.
Fijian Pamphlets, Volume 5, Fiji Ordinances 1875-1878.
<b>See Finding aids for details.</b>

Gordon, Sir Arthur (1829-1912)

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