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Correspondence, diaries, notes, articles, speeches

  • AU PMB MS 600
  • Coleção
  • 1942 - 1966

Edward L.G. Thomas, or Gordon Thomas as he was usually known, joined the Methodist Mission in New Guinea as a printer in 1911, and later worked as a planter, trader and oil driller in that territory. He was editor of the Rabaul Times from 1925-1927 and from 1933-1942. He was one of about 300 European civilians captured when the Japanese invaded Rabaul in January 1942 and one of only four who remained in Rabaul throughout the Japanese occupation.

Reel 1:

  1. General correspondence, 1946-66
  2. Correspondence re disposal of printing plant used to produce Guinea Gold 1946-47
  3. Correspondence re Fred Urban's war damage claims, 1947-48
  4. Correspondence re Queen Emma (Mrs Emma Kolbe), 1955
  5. Diary and other writings while prisoner-of-war, 1942-45
  6. Notes and papers collected while prisoner-of-war, 1942-45
  7. Articles, 1945-49 (Continued on reel 2)

Reel 2:

  1. Articles, 1945-49 (Continued from reel 1)
  2. Speeches and articles, undated (c.1946-49)
  3. Diary of trip on MV Bulolo to Papua and New Guinea, 1955

Thomas, Edward Llewellyn Gordon

Miscellaneous papers on Fiji - letters, notes, book draft

  • AU PMB MS 26
  • Coleção
  • 1865 - 1868

Fison (1832-1907) a university-educated man, with a keen interest in anthropology, was born in Suffolk, England. He migrated to Australia in 1856, joined the Methodist Church, and went to Fiji as a missionary in 1864. He remained in Fiji until 1884, when he returned to Australia and became editor of the Spectator, a Melbourne church paper.

Copies of letters, notes on Fiji customs and personalities, sketches of life in Fiji, and an early draft of Fison's book 'Tales of Old Fiji' (London, 1907). The wording of some of the tales, as recorded in these papers, has been much worked over and occasionally differs in its final form from that in the published versions.

Fison, Lorimer

Camohe: a history of four generations of the Carpenter family

  • AU PMB MS 1113
  • Coleção
  • n.d.. (1980s)

W R Carpenter & Company Limited was registered in Sydney in 1914. The company was founded by Walter Randolf Carpenter. He was subsequently joined by his brothers, J A and W H Carpenter and, still later, by his two sons, R B and C H Carpenter. The company was initially involved in shipping and trading island produce in Papua, including copra, cocoa, trochus, beche-de-mer and green snail shell. After 1920 it became involved in copra plantations in the Mandated Territory of New Guinea and extended its interests to the Solomon islands, and the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. In 1938 it pioneered an air link between Sydney and Lae. After the War, in which Carpenters suffered heavy losses, the company was restructed as a holding company. In 1956, when R B Carpenter was Chairman of the Board of Directors, the Carpenter Group purchased the retail operations of Morris Hedstrom & Co in Fiji, Tonga and Samoa.

This is a poor quality photocopy of the original, Ts., 97pp., given to the Bureau by Pepita Carpenter. Ch.1, Pioneering the Pacific, pp.1-3; Ch.2, The Costa Rica Packet, pp.4-7; Ch.3, Treasure in Trochus, pp.8-9; Ch.4, A Small Beginning and a Stumble, pp.10-13; Ch.5, The Company Regained, pp.14-16; Ch.6, Between the Wars – an Era of Expansion, pp.17-21; Ch.7, The Creative Years – Shipping, pp.22-25; Ch.8, The Creative Years – Aviation, pp.26-31; Ch.9, The Creative Years – Merchandising, pp.31-38; Ch.10, The Creative Years – The Plantation Industries, pp.34-38; Ch.11, Sir Walter – Thoughts and Theories, pp.39-45; Ch.12, Stranded in Canada, pp.46-50; Ch.13, The Ravages of War, pp.50-53; Ch.14, Gains and Some Losses, pp.54-59; Ch.15, A New Chairman – Growth Continues, pp.60-65; Ch.16, The Tradition Maintained, pp.66-70; Ch.17, The Pattern Changes, pp.71-79; Ch.18, Some Turbulent Years, pp.80-84. Appendix 1, Profit and Dividend History, pp.85-86; Appendix 2, A Brief History of the Major Elements of the W R Carpenter Group in Australia…, pp.87-91; Appendix 3, Extracts from correspondence between J M Hedstrom and W R Carpenter, 1920-1922, following takeover of W R Carpenter & Co Ltd by Morris Hedstrom Ltd, pp.92-97.

Melrose, Ray

Camohe: a history of four generations of the Carpenter family

W R Carpenter & Company Limited was registered in Sydney in 1914. The company was founded by Walter Randolf Carpenter. He was subsequently joined by his brothers, J A and W H Carpenter and, still later, by his two sons, R B and C H Carpenter. The company was initially involved in shipping and trading island produce in Papua, including copra, cocoa, trochus, beche-de-mer and green snail shell. After 1920 it became involved in copra plantations in the Mandated Territory of New Guinea and extended its interests to the Solomon islands, and the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. In 1938 it pioneered an air link between Sydney and Lae. After the War, in which Carpenters suffered heavy losses, the company was restructed as a holding company. In 1956, when R B Carpenter was Chairman of the Board of Directors, the Carpenter Group purchased the retail operations of Morris Hedstrom & Co in Fiji, Tonga and Samoa.

This is a poor quality photocopy of the original, Ts., 97pp., given to the Bureau by Pepita Carpenter. Ch.1, Pioneering the Pacific, pp.1-3; Ch.2, The Costa Rica Packet, pp.4-7; Ch.3, Treasure in Trochus, pp.8-9; Ch.4, A Small Beginning and a Stumble, pp.10-13; Ch.5, The Company Regained, pp.14-16; Ch.6, Between the Wars – an Era of Expansion, pp.17-21; Ch.7, The Creative Years – Shipping, pp.22-25; Ch.8, The Creative Years – Aviation, pp.26-31; Ch.9, The Creative Years – Merchandising, pp.31-38; Ch.10, The Creative Years – The Plantation Industries, pp.34-38; Ch.11, Sir Walter – Thoughts and Theories, pp.39-45; Ch.12, Stranded in Canada, pp.46-50; Ch.13, The Ravages of War, pp.50-53; Ch.14, Gains and Some Losses, pp.54-59; Ch.15, A New Chairman – Growth Continues, pp.60-65; Ch.16, The Tradition Maintained, pp.66-70; Ch.17, The Pattern Changes, pp.71-79; Ch.18, Some Turbulent Years, pp.80-84. Appendix 1, Profit and Dividend History, pp.85-86; Appendix 2, A Brief History of the Major Elements of the W R Carpenter Group in Australia…, pp.87-91; Appendix 3, Extracts from correspondence between J M Hedstrom and W R Carpenter, 1920-1922, following takeover of W R Carpenter & Co Ltd by Morris Hedstrom Ltd, pp.92-97.

Melrose, Ray

Poncet Alexandre Bishop Histoire succincte de L'ile Wallis

  • AU PMB DOC 212
  • Coleção
  • 1967?

Bishop Poncet, first Vicar Apostolic of Wallis and Futuna, was consecrated Bishop in Tonga in March 1936. He arrived at Wallis Island in the following May and remained there until 1962. The second volume of the Histoire de l'ile Wallis by Bishop Poncet was published by the Societe des Oceanistes, Paris, in 1972. This first volume has not been published: it is cyclostyled on quarto pages. The last date mentioned in the work is 23 April 1967.

Poncet Alexandre Bishop

Tongan papers

  • AU PMB MS 1203
  • Coleção
  • 1849-1950

The Reverend Shirley Waldemar Baker (1836-1903) was an English Wesleyan missionary who arrived in Tonga from Australia in 1860. During his stay of more than 30 years, Baker became a close adviser to King Tupou I and, like the King, an active promoter of Tonga’s independence in the face of European colonial expansion in the south Pacific. Baker’s many disputes with other Europeans in Tonga, most notably with his fellow missionary James Moulton, and especially with the British government officials in Fiji and elsewhere, generated a degree of controversy unique among 19th-century missionaries working in the Pacific. His metamorphosis into a politician culminated in his appointment as Premier of Tonga. (John Spurway, ‘Baker Papers’, Journal of Pacific History, 38:2, 2003.)

These papers of Rev. Shirley and Beatrice Baker were bequeathed to the Mitchell Library by Dorothy Crozier along with her own research papers. They were transferred from the Mitchell Library to the Pacific Manuscripts Bureau in August 2001. Lillian Baker, a daughter of Shirley Baker who lived in Ha’apai, gave the papers to Dorothy Crozier in 1950 when Ms Crozier was researching culture change in Tonga under the supervision of Professor Raymond Firth. The papers are made up of the following documents:

Reel 1: SB/1-5 Correspondence-out: press-copies, 1873-80; SB/6-106, Correspondence-in, 1849, 1860-87.

Reel 2: SB/107-187, Correspondence-in, cont., 1887-1913, 1950; SB/188-214/2, Articles, reports, diaries, notes, texts and other documents, c.1879-1906.

Reel 3: SB/214/3-226, articles, etc., cont.; SB/228-232, Vocabulary, Words and Meanings, n.d.; SB/233-235, Genealogies, n.d.; SB/236-247, Mission and Church Related Papers, 1874-1890; SB/248-255, Documents relating to Government and Kingdom of Tonga, 1879-1900; SB/266 & 273, Tongan Government Publications.

Reel 4: SB/274-297, Tonga Govt. publications, cont.; SB/298-307, 309-310, 312-314, Other printed material relating to Tonga, 1863-1951; SB/318-329, Tonga: An Historical Collection from Voyages and Discoveries with Explanatory Remarks, by Beatrice Baker; SB/339, Memoirs of the Rev. Shirley Waldemar Baker, by Beatrice Baker, 1922-51; SB/340-348, Extracts: transcripts of various documents, 1876-85.

Reel 5: SB/349-370 Press Cuttings, 1879-1911; SB/371-379 Miscellaneous Papers, 1860-1932; SB/380-383 Photographs, n.d.

See Finding aids for details.</b> See also PMB Doc 463 for Tongan Government publications at SB/256-266.

Baker, Shirley Waldemar

Rapanui (Easter Island). Cuttings from the Chilean Press

  • AU PMB MS 1193
  • Coleção
  • Feb 1972-Jul 2002

Newspapers cut: El Clarin, Santiago; El Mercurio, Santiago; El Mercurio, Valparaiso; El Metropolitano, Santiago; El Siglo, Santiago; El Sur, Concepcion; Ercilla, Santiago; Expreso, Valparaiso; Hoy, Santiago; La Cronista; La Discusion, Chillan; La Epoca, Santiago; La Estrella, Valparaiso; La Manana, Talca; La Nacion, Santiago; La Prensa, Santiago; La Segunda, Santiago; La Tercera, Santiago; La Tribuna, Santiago; La Ultimas Hora, Santiago; Las Ultimas Noticias, Santiago; Paula, Santiago; Puro Chile; Que Pasa, Santiago; VEA, Santiago.

Reel 1 Nos.0001–0841, 28 Feb 1972 – 31 Aug 1974
Reel 2 Nos.0842–1636, 1 Sep 1974 – 30 May 1977
Reel 3 Nos.1637–3165, 3 Jun 1977 – 21 Dec 1979
Reel 4 Nos.3166–3837, 6 Jan 1980 – 14 May 1984
Reel 5 Nos.3838–4369, 14 May 1984 – 26 Jun 1985
Reel 6 Nos.4370–5007, 26 Jun 1985 – 1 Jul 1986
Reel 7 Nos.5008–5734, 2 Jul 1986 – 24 Sep 1989
Reel 8 Nos.5735–6322, 8 Oct 1989 – 20 Apr 1992
Reel 9 Nos.6323–6967, 21 Apr 1992 – 25 Dec 1994
Reel 10 Nos.6968–7656, 25 Dec 1994 – 31 Dec 1996
Reel 11 Nos.7657–7971, 4 Jan 1997 – 31 Jan 2000
Reel 12 Nos.7972–8373, 11 Feb 2000 – 7 Jul 2002
<BR>See Finding aids for details.

McCall, Grant

'White natives' (a novel)

  • AU PMB MS 519
  • Coleção
  • c.1935

This book was written under the pseudonym, Julian Hillas, a name used by Dashwood over numerous articles and in two other books, a novel, <I>I Know An Island</I> (London, 1933) and an autobiography, <I>South Seas Paradise</I> (London, 1965). The author was born in England in 1899 and died at Mauke, Cook Islands, in 1970. He went to the Cook Islands in 1929 and became a trading store manager, having earlier been a schoolmaster in England, a farmer in South Africa, a rubber planter in Malaya, and a midshipman during World War I. He was prominent in Cook Islands politics, being renowned for shrewdness, incisive speeches and lively wit.

An unpublished typescript novel of 182 pp. of single-spaced foolscap set in the Cook Islands. The title page indicates that it was written after <I>I Know An Island</I>. There is also an author's note, written at Rakahanga, his home in the mid-1930s. The note reads in part as follows: 'To the atolls and islands of the Pacific the storm tides of Civilisation have brought many strange objects, and seeds of greed and disease, carried by the angry winds of Progress, have infected the peoples of Polynesia. The swan-song of a race is now being sung, and the tragedy lies, not so much in the singing, but that it is so often mistaken for a paean of praise of those responsible for the calamity. In <I>White Natives</I> I have held up a mirror to faces and places, which although fictitious in themselves, might easily find counterparts in almost any group of South Sea islands.' It is understood from Pacific Publications that Mr Dashwood sold the typescript to Mr W.H. Watson of Rarotonga for a case of bully beef and that many years later Mr Watson unsuccessfully submitted it to Pacific Publications for publication.

Dashwood Robert Julian

Publications of the Pacific Concerns Resource Center, Nuclear Free and Independent Pacific Movement, and associated organisations

  • AU PMB DOC 533
  • Coleção
  • 1975-2006

The Pacific Concerns Resource Center was the secretariat of the Nuclear Free and Independent Pacific Movement. The first conference of the Nuclear Free and Independent Pacific Movement was held in Suva in April 1975. The Pacific Concerns Resource Center published several documents relating to a nuclear free and independent Pacific, including Pacific news bulletin, a monthly journal first published in Sydney, and from 1999, in Suva. Issues and countries it covered include decolonisation and self-determination struggles, the environment and sustainable development, indigenous rights, sovereignty and land rights, demilitarisation and anti-nuclear campaigns, intellectual property rights for indigenous peoples, East Timor, West Papua, Bougainville, Kanaky, Te Ao Maohi and the Philippines.

Other documents filmed include: Pacific Concerns Resource Centre annual report (1999-2004); Canberra Kanaky bulletin (1985-1986), edited by Barry and Dorothy Shineberg; Kanaky update: towards New Caledonian independence (1984-1989), edited by George Tieman and Reverend Dick Wooton; Nuclear free Pacific news (1982-1983); Pacific Concerns Resource Center bulletin (1981-1985); and, Pacific news (later title: Pacific news bulletin) (1983-2004).

The collection also includes: To'ere: no te tiamaraa, a private newspaper published weekly in Faa'a, Tahiti, and edited by Claude Marere from 2002-2006; and, Independence and sovereignty for Te Ao Maohi (French Polynesia), translated by Nic MacLellan and published in Faa'a, Tahiti in 1997.

MacLellan, Nic

Diary, in Tahitian, Mangarevan and English, kept on Flint Island, Eastern Pacific

  • AU PMB MS 14
  • Coleção
  • 14 April 1889 - 31 January 1891

H.I.N. Moouga appears to have been of Mangarevan descent and foreman of a team of coconut plantation workers from French Polynesia and Niue, employed on Flint Island by J.T. Arundel and Co. of London.

The names of the workers are listed in the opening pages of the diary. The mixture of languages in which the diary is written may have been the lingua franca of the multi-lingual community on Flint Island. Moouga details daily weather conditions, prevailing winds, land areas cleared, coconut palms planted, coconuts harvested, crushed and cut. He describes also the difficult conditions under which the group worked - fire-ant infections, lack of medical care, lack of food, food contaminated by rust - and the often difficult relationships between the workers themselves and between them and the Arundel family. In the concluding pages of the diary, Moouga says that he has had more than enough of the life and asks to be repatriated.

Moouga, H.I.N.

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