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Cook Islands News Rarotonga: Cook Islands Social Development Dpt.

  • AU PMB DOC 370
  • Collection
  • 27 May - 30 December 1960

Government newspaper issued daily except Saturdays and Sundays. Circulation on 27 May 1960: 429 copies: on 30 December 1960: 530 copies. Issues for 1960-1972 were microfilmed as PMB Doc 370-382 and PMB Doc 385.

Reel 1: 27 May - 6 September 1960<BR>Reel 2: 7 September - 30 December 1960

Cook Islands News

Cook Islands News Rarotonga: Cook Islands Social Development Dpt.

  • AU PMB DOC 371
  • Collection
  • 1961

For details see PMB Doc 370

Reel 1: 4 January - 30 June<BR>Reel 2: 3 July - 29 December<BR>Lacks: January 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11: April 14: June 9, 14, 20: October 23: November 27<BR>* Later filmed on PMB Doc 385

Cook Islands News

Cook Islands News Rarotonga: Cook Islands Social Development Dpt.

  • AU PMB DOC 374
  • Collection
  • 1964

For details see PMB Doc 370

Reel 1: 3 January - 1 April 1964<BR>Reel 2: 2 April - 10 June 1964<BR>Reel 3: 11 June - 24 July 1964<BR>Reel 4: 30 July - 5 November 1964<BR>Reel 5: 6 November - 31 December 1964<BR>Lacks: April 16, later filmed on PMB Doc 385

Cook Islands News

Cook Islands News Rarotonga: Cook Islands Social Development Dpt.

  • AU PMB DOC 376
  • Collection
  • 1966

For details see PMB Doc 370

Reel 1: 4 January - 7 April 1966<BR>Reel 2: 12 April - 18 July 1966<BR>Reel 3: 19 July - 11 October 1966<BR>Reel 4: 13 October - 30 December 1966<BR>Lacks: February 2: April 29: August 4, 5, 15, 29: September 6, 21, 27: October 12, 19: November 22: December 6, 8<BR> Later filmed on PMB Doc 385

Cook Islands News

Essais sur la construction des peuples extra-europeens ou collection des navires et pirogues construits par les habitants ... du Grand Ocean et de l'Amerique ... 1843. Paris: A. Bertrand, 1841+

  • AU PMB DOC 396
  • Collection
  • 1843

A copy of this work was offered in 1985 for sale ($USA7500) by E.J. Lefkowiz (Massachusettes) with the following description:<BR>Paris, (Francois Edmond). ESSAIS SUR LA CONSTRUCTION DES PEUPLES EXTRA-EUROPEENS OU COLLECTION DES NAVIRES ET PIROGUES CONSTRUITS PAR LES HABITANTS DE L'ASIE, DE LA MALASIE, DU GRAND OCEAN ET DE L'AMERIQUE. Dessines et mesures par M. Paris, ... pendant les voyages autour du monde de l'Astrolabe, la Favorite, et l'Artemise ... Paris, (1843) Folio, 52.8 cm., 2 vols. bound in one: (s6), 156, (2) pp. (text): (2) pp. + 133 plates (atlas) ... Paris, an expert on shipbuilding, was on three of the most important 19th-century French voyages to the Pacific: with Dumont d'Urville on the Astrolabe (1826-29): with LaPlace on the Favorite (1829-32 and on the Artemise (1837-40)... . The work was originally issued in parts. Includes accounts of visit to Tahiti, Caroline and Mariana Islands and plates showing canoes and small vessels constructed there. Microfilm presented to PMB by Prof. G.A. Horride of ANU. For description of the edition to be prepared by Prof. Horridge see Pambu 3(2) 1989.

Paris Francois Edmond

Slides and photographs of election campaigns during 1966 election in Fiji

  • AU PMB PHOTO 103
  • Collection
  • 1966

This collection of slides and photographs was taken by Robert Norton on his first research trip to Fiji, which took place during the 1966 Legislative Council elections campaigning.

The general Legislative Council elections were held in late 1966, just over a year after the first constitutional conference in London, and five years after the British government announced its plan to prepare Fiji for self-government.

The indigenous Fijian leaders were initially very anxious about this objective, viewing it as a threat to the protection they believed the Fijians had enjoyed under the colonial government’s policies, based in part, on the government’s interpretation of the Deed of Cession by which nearly 100 years before the leading chiefs had entrusted the islands to the British crown.

The Fiji Indians who in the 1960s were 51% of the population, and generally more advanced economically than the Fijians (43% of the population), looked favourably on the prospect of an end to colonial rule and their principal leaders called for a common franchise to replace communal (ethnic) political representation. The very influential but tiny European minority, concerned to preserve their longstanding privileged political representation, stood with the Fijians against radical constitutional change.

The 1966 elections were the first in which broadly-based political parties competed for a substantial power in the colonial parliament. The 1965 constitutional conference had changed the parliament (legislative council) from a council dominated by colonial officials appointed by the governor, to one dominated by elected representatives: 14 Indigenous Fijians, (2 elected by the Great Council of Chiefs), 12 Indians, 10 General electors (Europeans, Part-Europeans, Pacific islanders other than Fijians, and Chinese). The new constitution completed the expansion of the vote to a universal franchise, begun in 1963. Only four seats were reserved for colonial officials.

Most of the electorates remained ethnically defined, and all the seats remained ethnically reserved.

But overlaying the many communal electorates, were now three very large Cross Voting electorates covering the entire colony. They were multi-ethnic, made up from the communal electorates, and each had three reserved seats: Fijian, Indian, and General. The electors were entitled to four votes - one in their communal electorate, and three in their cross-voting electorate. Voting was not compulsory, and to cast a valid vote an elector need tick only the communal seat ballot paper if they wished. Communal seats numbered 9 Fijian, 9 Indian, and 7 General; there were 3 Fijian, 3 Indian, and 3 General cross-voting seats. Indigenous Fijians enjoyed additional representation by the two Council of Chiefs members of the parliament.

The intention of introducing the cross-voting electorates was to give people experience in supporting candidates of different ethnic identities from their own - a step, the British said, toward an eventual common franchise without reserved seats. It was hoped that political parties would each field candidates of different ethnicity, and that these would campaign together - the communal candidates assisting the campaigning of their cross-voting partners.

Some of the slides and photos illustrate this joint campaigning in western Viti Levu, by Fijian, Indian, and General candidates of the Alliance Party. All the pictures were taken on Viti Levu, Fiji’s major island.

The Alliance Party, whose main component body was the indigenous Fijian Association, won 22 seats (12 Fijian, 3 Indian, 7 General). The Federation Party (later the National Federation Party) secured only the 9 communal Indian seats; the party fielded only one non-Indian candidate, Fijian cane farmer Penaia Rokovuni (photos 48-54). Three General candidates were elected as independents.

References

Robert Norton 'Race and Politics in Fiji', University of Queensland Press, 1977, revised edition 1990

Roderick Alley 'The Emergence of Party Politics'. In 'Politics in Fiji' edited by Brij Lal, Allen & Unwin, 1986. Pp28-51

Norton, Robert (1944- )

Selected Archives from the Catholic Bishop's Office in Kavieng

  • AU PMB MS 1425
  • Collection
  • Various

This collection includes selected archives from the Catholic bishop’s office in Kavieng, New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea. Papers describe the history of the Catholic Church in Kavieng, including meeting and conference papers, along with other official documentation. It also includes accounts of church personnel around and during World War II. This collection also includes documentation relating to the Australian Television Service, Australian War Crimes Commission, 1975 Independence Programme for Kavieng and the Catholic Handbook for PNG. See individual items for more detailed descriptions of content.

Roman Catholic Church, Kavieng

Reverend Conrad Stallan's photographs of the New Hebrides (Vanuatu), 1940s

  • AU PMB PHOTO 104
  • Collection
  • 1940 - ?

A collection of photographs taken by Reverend Conrad George Stallan, who was stationed on Malekula in the New Hebrides (now Vanuatu) from 1940-1946. Supported by the John G Paton Mission Fund, Rev Stallan was based in Wintua, South West Bay. During his life, Stallan was a keen photographer. He maintained a dark room to develop and print his photographs in both Malekula and Georgetown, British Guiana, where he was stationed in 1955-1961.

Stallan, Conrad George (1904-1980)

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