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The Mystery of Guise: Conflict between missionaries, colonial administrators and foreign traders during the British New Guinea Protectorate: a biography of Reginald Edward Guise.

  • AU PMB MS 1288
  • Collection
  • c.1998

Nigel Oram was an ethnologist and academic. In 1946, after military service in World War II, he read history at Oxford University. This was followed by a career in the British Colonial Service in East Africa and Uganda. In 1961, Oram helped set up the New Guinea Research Unit, Port Moresby, which was an offshoot of the Australian National University. His role was to undertake social research. To facilitate his information gathering, Oram learnt the Motu and Hula languages. In 1969, he was appointed a fellow at the University of Papua New Guinea, where he remained from 1969 to 1975. Oram returned to Australia where he taught history for nine years at La Trobe University and where, upon his retirement, he became an honorary senior research fellow. An extensive collection of Oram’s PNG research papers is held at the National Library of Australia (MS 9436).

The mystery of Guise: conflict between missionaries, colonial administrators and foreign traders during the British New Guinea Protectorate, Ts., 29pp., is a biography of Reginald Edward Guise, grandfather of Sir John Guise, G.C.M.G., K.B.E., Hon. Ll.D., the first Governor-General of the independent state of Papua New Guinea. This version of Nigel Oram’s manuscript dates from sometime after 1994. In the late 1990s Oram’s health went steadily down hill, and completing the manuscript was beyond him. After Oram’s death, Janet Fingleton rescued the manuscript from her father’s computer. Donald Denoon has since worked on an edited version of this paper which is to be submitted to the Journal of Pacific History. This is a complete copy of the existing manuscript, but note that the references and some of the footnotes are missing.

Oram, Nigel D.

The development of commercial agriculture on Mangaia: Social and economic change in a Polynesian community, MA Thesis, Massey University.

  • AU PMB MS 1367
  • Collection
  • 1969

Dr. Bryant Allen submitted this thesis as partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Master of Arts in Geography at Massey University in 1969. In 1976 he completed a PhD at the Australian National University titled Information flow and innovation diffusion in the East Sepik district, Papua New Guinea.

Dr. Allen carried out research in the Cook Islands in the 1960s and in Papua New Guinea from the 1970s to the present. His main interests are in the sustainability of agricultural systems and rural development. He has studied a number of PNG agricultural systems and has defined, mapped and described all PNG agricultural systems with Mike Bourke and Robin Hide. He has used the agricultural systems databases, to identify poor and disadvantaged areas in PNG, and has worked on food security and on the social and economic aspects of road maintenance. He is a co-author of the PNG Rural Development Handbook. He now works as a consultant for AusAID, FAO and the World Bank.

List of Tables
List of Figures
List of Plates
Glossary of Terms

Introduction, p.1
Chapter I: The Mangaian Environment, p.3
Mangaia, p.3
Mangaian ecological conceptions, p.4
Soils, p.8
Climate, p.12
Mangaian crops, p.14
Ecological zones and land use, p.19

Chapter II: The Mangaian Society, p.28
Major population trends, 1821-1966, p.28
District populations, p.36
Social organisation, p.44
Land tenure, p.48
The village, p.53
Changing social status, p.57

Chapter III: Traditional Agriculture and the Cultivation of Food Crops, p.79
Present patterns of cultivation, p.65
Animals, p.76

Chapter IV: The Development of Commercial Agriculture
Initial moves towards surplus agricultural production, p.79
The introduction of cash crops, p.82
Increased contacts with the advanced economy, p.85
Post 1945 advances in commercial agriculture, p.92
Technological aid and a new market, p.92
Conclusions, p.96

Chapter V: The Extent of Commercialisation in 1967, p.101
Pineapple production, p.101
Sources of income, p.106
Technology, p.118
Patterns of labour, p.129
The use of credit, p.138
The occupational status of agriculture, p.143
Commercialisation and the perception of problems, p.154
Entrepreneurial activity, p.154
Conclusion, p.161

Conclusion, p.164


Allen, Bryant

The Samoa Times

  • AU PMB DOC 534
  • Collection
  • 13 Jan 1984 – 24 Dec 1993

The Samoa Times was published from 1964-1993 in both English and Samoan. The Samoa Times was published in Apia, Western Samoa

See Finding aids for details.

The Samoa Times

Locality study of Madang, Allied Geographical Section, South West Pacific Area

  • AU PMB DOC 520
  • Collection
  • 1943

From the series, Terrain Study (Allied Forces. South West Pacific Area, Allied Geographical Section), No.69.

Part I: Geographical Information, pp.1-75.
Part II: Photographs and Maps.
Section I, - Photographs, Nos.1-76.
Section II – Maps.
Appendices, pp.77-83.

Locality Study of Madang, Allied Geographical Section, South West Pacific Area

Area study of Madang / Allied Geographical Section, South West Pacific Area, Vols.1 & 2.

  • AU PMB DOC 519
  • Collection
  • 1943

From the series, Terrain Study (Allied Forces. South West Pacific Area, Allied Geographical Section), No.59.

Vol.1: Text and Maps
Part 1: Enemy strengths, dispositions, installations, armament
Part 2: Geographical information
Part 3: Photographs and maps

Vol.2: Photographs
Part 1: Enemy strengths, dispositions, installations, armament
Part 2: Geographical information
Part 3: Photographs and maps

Area Study of Madang / Allied Geographical Section, South West Pacific Area, Vols.1 & 2.

An English and Tongan vocabulary, also a Tongan and English vocabulary, with a list of idiomatic phrases; and Tongan grammar

  • AU PMB DOC 470
  • Collection
  • 1897

This book is not only rare, but also has been printed on very weak paper. The copy held in the Baker Papers (PMB 1203/227) is disintegrating. The copy held by the National Library of Australia, microfilmed here, is in better condition but the paper is very fragile and has cracked in several places. Other surviving copies are also likely to be deteriorating due to the poor quality of the paper. The PMB also has available a digital version of Baker’s Tongan Vocabulary, scanned from this microfilm, converted to text, and searchable.

Baker’s English and Tongan Vocabulary consists of the following parts:
List of abbreviations
English-Tongan Vocabulary, pp.1-133.
Tongan – English Vocabulary, pp.1-206.
List of Idiomatic Phrases, pp.207-209.
Errata, p.210.
Addenda, p.211.
List of Pronouns Omitted, p.211.
Grammar of the Tongan Language, pp.1-42.

Baker, Shirley Waldemar

Diary kept at the Methodist Mission in New Britain and the Duke of York Islands, New Guinea, and related papers

  • AU PMB MS 1297
  • Collection
  • Jul 1912-Mar 1913

Sr Rhoda Ransom, born Maryborough Victoria, 29 Dec 1887, worked as a nursing sister with the Methodist Mission in New Guinea from July 1912 until March 1913 when she returned to Australia suffering from malaria and rheumatic problems in her legs.

• Passport, c.1949
• Diary, Jul 1912-Mar 1913
• Photograph of Sr. Rhoda Ransom
• Map of Duke of York and Ulu Island annotated by Sr Rhoda
• Postcards (36 items), some annotated by Sr. Rhoda: Methodist Mission in New Guinea and Fiji, together with some German New Guinea postcards.
See Finding aids for details. See also PMB Photo 14.

Ransom, Rhoda

Transcript of proceedings

  • AU PMB MS 1268
  • Collection
  • Feb 1987-Jan 1988

Nauru's environment has been devastated by 100 years of phosphate mining. Mining of Nauru’s phosphate deposits began in earnest after the First World War under a joint Australian-New Zealand-British venture, the British Phosphate Commission. This mining was carried out with no regard for future rehabilitation and on terms that deprived the Nauruan people of reasonable returns for the sale of its phosphate in world markets.

In 1987-1988 the government of Nauru held a Commission of Inquiry into the rehabilitation of its worked-out phosphate lands. In 1988 the Commission published a 10 volume report which concluded that the island's former administrators - Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom - were responsible for the rehabilitation of worked out areas of the island mined during the period of the Mandate and Trust.

After several unsuccessful requests to the Australian government for financial assistance, Nauru took the findings of its Commission of Inquiry to the International Court of Justice which admitted a case against Australia. The case aroused much interest and controversy with Nauru receiving vocal support from world-wide environmental groups. A Compact of Settlement was reached in 1993 before the substantive hearing took place in the International Court in which Australia agreed to pay the Republic of Nauru a cash payment of AU$57 million and AU$2.5 million annually for 20 years. This money was to be used on development projects. New Zealand and the United Kingdom each agreed to contribute AU$12 million ex gratia towards the Australian out-of-court settlement

Transcript of proceedings, as follows:
Open Sittings, Days 1-33, 35-36, 39-52, pp.1-4191, 23 Feb 1987-30 Jan 1988.
Closed Sittings, Days 25, 30, 33, 34, 37 & 38, pp.1-591, 23 Nov-11 Dec 1987.
See Finding aids for details.

Commission of Inquiry into the Rehabilitation of the Worked-Out Phosphate Lands in Nauru

Anthropological papers

  • AU PMB MS 641
  • Collection
  • c.1925 - 1945

Stephan Lehner (1877-1947) arrived in New Guinea as a lutheran pastor in August 1902. He worked mainly among the Bukawa people of the Huon Gulf.

The papers comprise:

  1. Der Bukawac-Stamm
  2. Die Naturanschauung de Bukawac
  3. Spiritismus, Totemismus und Animismus des Melanesierstammes der Bukawac
  4. Die Blut-theorie beim Melanesierstammes der Bukawac
  5. Psychologie des Melanesierstammes der Bukawac
  6. Sitten und Rechte des Melanesierstammes der Bukawac
    No item 7 listed
  7. Volksgesundheit und Wachstumsaussicht des Melanesierstammes der Bukawac
  8. Der Engolg der Mission beim Melanesierstamm der Bukawac
  9. Geschichtliche Skizze des Bukawac-Stammes
  10. Jabem-Marchen und Sagen (This work is by H. Zahn)
  11. 'Maja'
  12. Opa
  13. Unidentified. Some of these papers, which were apparently being prepared for publication in a book about 1945, were published earlier in anthropological journals. There may be some variation between versions as published and those microfilmed. See An Ethnographic Bibliography of New Guinea, vol.1, p.150-51 (Australian National University Press, Canberra, 1968).

Lehner, Stephan

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