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John Baker slides of Fiji and Tonga

  • AU PMB PHOTO 127
  • Collectie
  • January - September 1971

These slides were taken by John Baker while he was undertaking fieldwork for a PhD at the Australian National University (ANU) on the relationship between shipping transport costs and patterns of spatial development in Fiji and Tonga. John and his wife Liz (Elizabeth) lived in Suva and Nuku’alofa and were fortunate to travel extensively by ship around Fiji, as well as visiting the Vava’u Group in Tonga. The collection mostly includes ships and other vessels (including Japanese fishing boats, punts and whaleboats), as well as shipping infrastructure. It also includes landscapes, street scenes and personalities encountered.

In Fiji, shipping infrastructure includes Queen’s Wharf, Suva Wharf and the CSR (Colonial Sugar Refinery) wharf/jetty in Lautoka. Cargo is loaded and unloaded, including sugar, cars, timber and copra. Businesses include Pacific Fishing Co. and Morris Hedstrom. People photographed are Barry Shaw, Bill Erich, Dorothy Toussaint, Ian Fairbairn and Heidi Fairbairn and their son John Fairbairn, Liz Baker and John Baker, as well as the ANU House caretakers Manuele and Asenat. Places photographed are Sigatoka, Walu Bay, Deuba, Mualevu village and Lomoloma at Vanua Balavu / Mbalavu Island, Munia Island, Cikobia Island, Korotoga, Levuka, Yacata Island, Kanacea Island, Nayau Island, Naivaka Village, Bua coast of Vanua Levu Island, Nadura, Macuata coast, Undu Point, Somosomo, Taveuni, Taveuni coastline at Naikelemusu, Rewa Delta and Laucala Bay, Suva. There are general views of sugar cane / sugarcane fields and other agriculture (including rice, copra and use of bullocks), coral reefs, Suva housing, including new and informal housing, as well as the ANU house at 30 Beach Road.

In Tonga, photographs include shipping and other vessels (including steel barges, cutters, landing craft, sailing boats and others), as well as shipping infrastructure at Faua Harbour, Touliki Harbour, Neiafu wharf and Queen Salote Wharf at Nuku’alofa. Ships carrying passengers and cargo. Places photographed are Makaha'a Island, Pangaimotu Island, Tokulu Island in Ha'apai Island Group, Ha'afeva Island, Pangai village on Ha'apai Island, Vava’u Island (including abandoned airstrip), Onetale Bay and Neiafu town. People photographed are Liz Baker, Bill Toussaint and Elizabeth Toussaint. Scenes include coral blocks for Langi tombs, lakes, horses, vanilla gardens, Wesleyan church and Burns Philp store, amongst others.

Selection of slides for digitisation was made by John Baker.

Baker, John R.

John Baker slides of Tonga

  • AU PMB PHOTO 126
  • Collectie
  • September 1968 - April 1970

This collection of 270 slides was taken by John Baker while he was seconded from the British Ministry of Overseas Development to the Government of the Kingdom of Tonga to work as Government Economist on the preparation of the country’s second development plan for 1970-75. John and his wife Liz (Elizabeth) lived in Nuku’alofa from September 1968 to May 1969 and travelled extensively around the main island of Tongatapu, as well as making a visit to the island of ‘Eua. The slides include various landscapes, agriculture, construction, King Taaufa'ahau Tupou IV and the exteriors of the Royal Palace, a visit by Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Phillip Duke of Edinburgh and Princess Anne of Great Britain and the Royal Yacht Britannia. There are also street scenes with signage for businesses such as Burns Philp, exteriors of the Dateline Hotel and people watching the Apollo 13 splashdown. Selection of slides for digitisation was made by John Baker.

Baker, John R.

Photographs of Papua New Guinea

  • AU PMB PHOTO 55
  • Collectie
  • 1996-2006

PMBPhoto 55 is a collection of 927 photographs of Papua New Guinea subjects taken over 10 years from August 1996 to October 2006. The photos can be divided into three sections.
The first and main section has about 600 photos taken between August 1996 and October 2006 and relates to AusAID and some of its development project work. In this period, AusAID was the agency within the Australian government responsible for the overseas aid and development program. Subjects include AusAID staff posted from Canberra or engaged locally, Papua New Guineans engaged in implementation and management, and consultants and contractors. Subject bilateral projects include two in infrastructure - the National Roads Regravelling and Sealing Project (NRRSP) and the PNG Maritime College Project, and two in law and justice - the Correctional Services Development Project (CSDP) and the Royal PNG Constabulary Development Project (known as the Police project).
Other AusAID funded projects involved Papua New Guinean and Australian non-government organisations. Of such projects the Community Development Scheme (CDS), the Church Partnership Program (CPP), the PNG National HIV/AIDS Support Project (PNG NHASP) and the PNG Australia Sexual Health Improvement Program (PASHIP) are subjects. What came to be known as The GoodNews Workshop, organised in Madang by the ANU’s State Society and Governance in Melanesia project (SSGM) in collaboration with the Divine Word University, is also a subject.
AusAID projects worked at the national, provincial and community level across PNG. They are subjects in the National Capital District and the following provinces: Central, Milne Bay, Oro, Morobe, Madang, East Sepik, East New Britain, Bougainville and the Western Highlands. All project documents, including regular reports and reviews, should be available in PNG and Australian Government records. See also the complementary SSGM publication Development Bulletin, No. 67, April 2005, Effective Development in Papua New Guinea, edited by David Hegarty and Pamela Thomas.
PNG beyond the confines of the development project also became a subject including in Port Moresby the Ela Beach Craft Market and PNG Arts, Loloata, Samarai, a birdwing butterfly, birds including hornbills, George the white cockatoo, female and male eclectus parrots, and a goura pigeon. Volcanoes including KarKar off the Madang coast and Tavurvur off the East New Britain coast, were subjects. At Keltiga near Mt Hagen a re-enactment of the coming of the white man to the PNG highlands was a subject and military subjects include the memorial and plaque on Mission Hill, Wewak, and the War memorial and Library Institute on Samarai.
Among the subjects are the following people: Siwi Morep, Sam Inguba, Richard Sikani, Ruby Zarriga, Bart Philemon, Brunie Dangar-Christian, Helen Hakena, Delphine Lesi, Daisy Taylor, Daera Morgan and family, Sir Mekere and Lady Roslyn Morauta, Mike Manning, Relly Manning, Mel Togolo, Anna Ballinger Togolo, Janet Philemon, Pena Ou, Sir Pita Lus, Pauline Doonar (Nakmai), Dorothy Luana, Grace (Isako) Feka, and Nora Brash. Hartmut Holzknecht, David Kavanamur, Loa George, Elizabeth Cox and Regina Paim, Brother Pat Howley, Yerima Taylor, Sarah Garap, Scarlett Epstein, Thomas Webster, and Nono Gideon are also subjects.
The second section (December 1997 to February 1998) comprises over 300 photos. The subject is Operation Bel Isi, a regional initiative initially led by New Zealand, to support Bougainville in its effort to bring peace. The photos are a record from my perspective as a civilian truce monitor, selected from AusAID, over a period of two months. Subjects include the first phase of the Australian contribution to the mission from its beginnings in Sydney, and its arrival in Bougainville at Aropa airstrip, to the living conditions, training and establishment of teams at Loloho, Arawa, deployment to one of four team sites and the life and work of the Buka Truce Monitoring Team. Other subjects include the town and villages of Buka Island, Wakunai and Tinputz on the east coast of North Bougainville, Togerau inland from the east coast with the volcano Mt Balbi looming over it, Kunua, Kuraio and Torokina on the west coast, and Kalil and Balil on Nissan Island.
Among the subjects are the following people: Lieutenant Colonel Mele Saubulinayau of Fiji, Bougainville Transitional Government Minister for Local Level Government Agnes Titus, Sir Paul Lapun, Sister Lorraine Garasu, Major Dave Samuels, Helen Hakena, Getsi Tanahan, Ben Kamda, Joe Pais, Joan Jerome, Monica Smith, Paul Akoitai, Bessie Rerevate, Christine Hou, Eddie Mohin, Elma Kaskas, Josephine Sition, and Mariann Tonsala.
Complementing the photos is a chapter “A Truce Monitor” in Australians’ Experiences Monitoring Peace in Bougainville, 1997-2001: Without a Gun (edited by Monica Wehner and Donald Denoon, Pandanus Books, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU, 2001) and a seminar paper Messages from the Women of Bougainville, given at AusAID for International Womens’ Day 1998. A short version of this paper was published in Amida Australia-Asia, Vol. 4, No.1, Mar-Apr 1998.
In addition, as with the projects in the first section, a large number of reports and reviews of this mission should be available in Australian Government records.
The third section is PNG people and events in Australia (about 16 photos over the period August 1998 to June 2006). Subjects include the launch by Hank Nelson at the PNG High Commission in Canberra of Bill Gammage’s book The Sky Travellers in August 1998, the PNG Mining and Petroleum Conference in November 1998 in Sydney, people who worked on AusAID projects visiting AusAID in Canberra (including December 2002 and May 2006), the visit of John Waiko for a showing of ‘Minister without Money’ a film made by his son Bau Waiko (September 2005) , and the fundraiser for people affected by Cyclone Larry organised by the PNG community in Canberra (June 2006).
This subject area includes the following people: Sir Rabbie Namaliu, Bill Gammage, Bill Searson, Robert Harden, Sir Anthony Siaguru, John Garnaut, Helga Griffin, John Waiko, PNG High Commissioner Charles Lepani, Kathy and Vertanya Lepani, Joe Tauvasa and Aivu Guise Tauvasa, Anna Chikali-Westcott and Hani Dietz.

Gammage, Jan

Miscellaneous correspondence re Pacific Islands

  • AU PMB MS 952
  • Collectie
  • 1921 - 1955

The correspondence relates largely to the Solomon Islands and is subdivided as follows: Accounts, 1946-49; Correspondence re accounts, 1950-54; Correspondence, etc. re plantations, 1921-36; Medical Mission, 1927-32; Correspondence with Pacific Christian Literature Society, 1948-51; J.H.L. Waterhouse, 1930-32; Hughie Wheatley, 1937-38; F.H. Woodfield, 1949-55; George Yearbury, 1945-55

Methodist Church of New Zealand

Diaries

  • AU PMB MS 496
  • Collectie
  • 1870 - 1871

Farquhar, a farmer of Maryborough, Queensland, visited New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands and New Hebrides in the schooner 'City of Melbourne' in November 1870-January 1871 to recruit labourers for himself and other farmers in Maryborough. He made a second voyage to New Caledonia, the New Hebrides and Banks Islands in the schooner Petrel in September 1871-January 1872 as a government agent under the Polynesian Labourers' Act of 1868.

Description of the two voyages mentioned above.

Farquhar, William Gordon

Letters from New Guinea to Constance Robinson (Née Constance Hollowell Lewis) and associated papers

  • AU PMB MS 1323
  • Collectie
  • 1928-1946

Hector Ernest Robinson was born in Pyap, South Australia on 8 April 1900. He schooled as a cadet in Mildura, Victoria and enlisted in the AIF at Mildura on 31 July 1918. On 7 November 1918 he embarked on the S.S. Carpentaria. At Auckland it was quarantined and recalled to Australia. Transhipped to S.S. Riverina and RTA Sydney on 28 November 1918 and Melbourne 29 November 1918.
On 24 November 1920 he embarked from Sydney on Melusia. On 13 December 1920 he was working in Rabaul as the Clerk, Lands and Survey. On his 21st birthday, 8 April 1921, Robinson was awarded the title of Honorable Corporal. He was transferred to Civil Administration in Rabaul on 9 May 1921. By 1928 he was working as an accountant for the Treasury Madang and in November 1928 moved to Treasury Rabaul.
The earliest correspondence in this collection to his girl friend or fiancee ‘Connie’, Constance Hollowell Lewis of Red Cliffs in Victoria is from 1928. Constance Hollowell Lewis was born on 21 June 1907 in Liverpool, U.K. Her father had moved to Australia around 1923 and opened a drapery shop at Red Cliffs. Robinson writes from Madang and gives information on the place and his work, and incidentally reveals attitudes and values of the time. The letters continue into the early 1930s.
Hector and Connie married on 24 June 1931 and their son, Albert Conrad Robinson, was born in New Guinea in 1938. Soon after the start of the War, in December 1942, Connie Robinson and Albert were evacuated and went to live in Victoria. Hector stayed on and the correspondence resumed briefly until the Japanese invasion on 23 January 1942. Some documents relating to the evacuation of the women from Rabaul are included.
Unknown to Connie, Hector Robinson, as one of the senior civil officials in Rabaul, joined two others (Gordon Thomas and R.L. ‘Nobby’ Clark) to carry white surrender flags down from ‘Refuge Gully’ to meet the Japanese. He and other whites were interned and in June shipped away. On 1 July, Robinson, the other civilian internees and over 800 Australian prisoners of war captured in Rabaul, were on the Japanese transport, the Montevideo Maru, when it was sunk by an American submarine off the coast of the Philippines. No internees or prisoners of war survived.
Connie received one letter from Hector while he was imprisoned. It was one of those dropped by Japanese aircraft over Port Moresby. The letters of women, sharing Connie’s distress about the uncertain of the whereabouts of her husband, are an important part of the collection.
Connie re-married, Lt. William John Martin Robertson, in 1948. W.J. Robertson had worked in Lae, New Guinea, from 1946, as a Traffic Control Officer when Connie was a Bookkeeper for W.R. Carpenter. They were divorced in Port Moresby in 1961.
Note provided by Professor Hank Nelson.

• Letters from Hector Robinson to Connie Robinson (née Constance Hollowell Lewis), 1928-1935
• Certificates, memorabilia, official correspondence, circular notices and some personal correspondence, 1933-1942.
• Letters to Connie Robinson, related documents and a photograph, 1942-1946. See Finding aids for details.

Hector Ernest Robinson (1900-1942)

Diaries, correspondence and miscellaneous papers

  • AU PMB MS 1046
  • Collectie
  • 1882 - 1937

William Gray (1854-1937) was born near Gawler, South Australia. He obtained his BA from Adelaide Uni. and graduated in divinity from Union College in 1880, the first Presbyterian student to complete the course. He spent 1881, the year of his ordination, in medical training at Adelaide Hospital and as Minister to the congre-gations of Goodwood and Mount Barker. He married Elizabeth McEwen in 1882 and shortly after they sailed for Weasisi, Tanna, New Hebrides in the Dayspring. Gray was the first Presbyterian Church of South Australia missionary to the New Hebrides. He produced a grammar, primer, hymnal and translation of Luke's Gospel in the Tanna language. At the age of 71 Gray became head of the Smith of Dunesk Presbyterians Mission which later became the nucleus of John Flynn's Australian Inland Mission. See also PMB 1047 and 1048.

The collection is divided into three parts.<BR><P>Part I - Personal Diaries (seven)(Please see PMB 1047 for diaries 1882-84)1 September 1884 to 31 August 1885<BR>1 September 1885 to 31 March 1887<BR>1 April 1887 to 28 April 1889<BR>1 May 1889 to 12 September 1891<BR>12 September 1891 to 31 July 1893<BR>1 August 1893 to 11 March 1898<BR>Medical diary containing case notes, including his wife's confinements, 1882-94 <BR><P>Part II - Miscellaneous Papers<BR>1 - Diary of Andrew Gray, typescript copy, 1794-1816, 10pp; newspaper clipping ?1935 by J.D. Allan Gray (grandson).<BR>2 - Genealogy of the Gray family prepared by William Gray, 15pp handwritten and a 14-page typescript copy<BR>3 - Photograph of Bishop John Gray with notes on reverse; brief history, 1p; photograph of William Gray's mother, Elizabeth Milne<BR>4 - Marriage certificate of William Gray and Eizabeth McEwen, 1882<BR>5 - Birth certificate of William Watt Erskine Gray, 1888<BR>6 - Birth certificate of Winifred Nellie Turner, 1898<BR>7 - Marriage certificate of William W.E. Gray and Winifred N. Turner, 1917<BR>8 - Short history of William Gray on his death in 1937, handwritten (author unknown); press clipping from The Banner, article entitled 'A Bush Batism'<BR>9 - 5 letters to William W.E. Gray, Winifred Gray and the S.A. Caledonian Society Inc. from William Gray re the disposition of books, manuscripts and papers, 1931, 1932 and 1937<BR>10 - Brief history of Church's partici-pation in mission fields in the New Hebrides, William Gray, 1936, 6pp 11 - Typescript article entitled 'Tanna', by William Gray, 3pp<BR>12 - Typescript article entitled 'The New Hebrides, news from Tanna: A Natives' Conference' by William Gray, 5pp<BR>13 - Account of the wreck of the Ferdinand de Lessops, by William Gray, handwritten, 10pp<BR>14 - Notes by clerk of Synod on New Hebrides Mission Synod, 1882, 2pp<BR>15 - Extracts from letters from British and Foreign Bible Society, 1895<BR>16 - Extracts from Journal of Rev. Oscar Michelson, 1897, 10pp<BR>17 - Notes from Minutes of New Hebrides Synod, 1899<BR>18 - Typescript copy of letter written in English by Nuvau, a man on Tanna, dated June 29th 1932 to Thomas Watt, son of William Watt a missionary on Tanna for forty years, 1p<BR>s19 - 'Some Notes on the Tannese' in Internationales Archiv fur Ethnographie, Bd. VII. 1894, pp 227-241, illustrated. Reprint of article by William Gray, 1892<BR>20 - 'William and Elizabeth Gray, Life on Tanna, New Hebrides' draft of a family history begun by William Watt Erskine Gray, incomplete, 1953<BR>21 - Correspondence from Queensland re whereabouts of missing Kanakas <BR><P>Part III - Correspondence to William Gray<BR>The correspondence has been arranged in alphabetical order by the owner. The correspondents are:<BR>Annand, 1894; Australian New Hebrides Company Ltd, 1894; Braithwaite G., 1882-88; British and Foreign Bible Society, 1896; Connell W., 1887; Copeland J., 1887; Cosh J. 1885-94; Cronstedt A., 1894; Forlong H., 1895-96; Fraser R., 1886; Freeman R., 1884; Goodlet and Smith Ltd, 1893-96 (for church at Aniwa); Gunn W., 1883-1902; Ingliss J., 1888; Johnson C.F.; Leggatt Watt F., 1887-94; Landel J., 1894; Lawrie J., 1894; Lyall J. and Lyall H., 1885-88; Macdonald D., 1884-85; MacKenzie J., 1888-1902; Macmillan T., 1894-1911; Martin A., 1894; Michelsen O., 1884-95; Milne P., 1884-95; Morton A., 1887; Murdo R., 1887; Murray C., 1886-87; Paton D., F. and J., 1882-94; Presbyterian Church of South Australia, 1894; Presbyterian Church of Victoria, 1894; Rolland N., 1894; Smaill T., 1894; Steel R., 1882; Watt Agnes, 1893-94; Watt W., 1887-1902There are also 3 letters by the same correspondent whose name is difficult to read, E.J. Suraski?, written from Whitesand January/February 1886. The correspondent and another (Mr Collins?) were shot at by natives and their house broken into and robbed. William Gray offered refuge at his home if the correspondent was unable to get a ship to take him off. See reference to this incident in Elizabeth Gray's journal, PMB 1048.The last item is a letter signed by the Commander of the Raven, Frank Murphy?, 1887

Gray, William

High Commission, Fiji, pamphlets

  • AU PMB MS 1214
  • Collectie
  • 1874-1881

Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon, first Baron Stanmore (1829-1912) was born in London and served from 1854 to 1857 as a member of the House of Commons. Gordon served as Governor of Trinidad (1866-1870), Mauritius (1871-1874), Fiji (1875-1880), New Zealand (1880-1882) and Ceylon (1883-1890). From 1877 to 1882 he also served as High Commissioner and Consul-General for the Western Pacific.

A collection of 33 pamphlets, bound in one volume, formed by Sir Arthur Gordon when Governor of Fiji and Western Pacific High Commissioner, consisting of parliamentary papers and printed correspondence relating to Western Pacific islands other than Fiji, including New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and the New Hebrides. The pamphlets also include: reports on the cesssion of Rotuma, pearl shell fisheries in the Torres Strait, the labour trade, the Intercolonial Conference of 1881; papers relating to conflicts, kidnappings and murders in the islands involving the ships “Borealis”, “Sandfly”, “Aurora”, “Leslie”, “Winifred”, “Miranda”, “Isabelle”, “Cormorant”, together with reports by Commodore Wilson on murders on the coast of New Guinea; general reports on conditions and commerce in the islands by W. Seed and Sterndale; Capt. W.H. Marshall’s report on his observations of the Ellice, Gilbert, Marshall and Caroline Islands in the HMS “Emerald”, 1881.
<b>See Finding aids for details.</b>
See also PMB 1213 and 1215.

Gordon, Sir Arthur (1829-1912)

Fijian pamphlets collected by Sir Arthur Gordon, Vols.1-5

  • AU PMB MS 1213
  • Collectie
  • 1870-1883

Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon, first Baron Stanmore (1829-1912) was born in London and served from 1854 to 1857 as a member of the House of Commons. Gordon served as Governor of Trinidad (1866-1870), Mauritius (1871-1874), Fiji (1875-1880), New Zealand (1880-1882) and Ceylon (1883-1890). From 1877 to 1882 he also served as High Commissioner and Consul-General for the Western Pacific.

Fijian Pamphlets, Volume 1, 1877-1879, Items 1-13: pamphlets on the Polynesian Company’s land claims in Fiji; reports on the commercial and agricultural prospects of Fiji; Gordon’s report on the taxation system in Fiji; Wesleyan Missionary Notices; article from Fiji Times on the departure of Sir Arthur Gordon from Fiji; London Missionary Society report on its mission in New Guinea, et al.
Fijian Pamphlets, Volume 2, 1877-1882, Items 1-10: more pamphlets on Polynesian Co land claims; Church Acts of NSW; Constitution of Tonga; Enquiry into Tongan Mission Affairs; Island Voyage; Dayspring Annual report; extracts from The Aborigines’ Friend, et al.;
Fijian Pamphlets, Volume 3, 1878-1883, Items 1-9: Story of the ‘Little War’; Native Councils in Fiji; Fiji at the Sydney and Melbourne International Exhibitions; Gordon’s Aberdeen address on Fiji; Fiji trade report, et al.;
Fijian Pamphlets, Volume 4, 1870-1880, Items 1-18: constitution of the Fiji Federation of Chiefs; and other publication on colonisation, sovereignty, politics and commerce in Fiji.
Fijian Pamphlets, Volume 5, Fiji Ordinances 1875-1878.
<b>See Finding aids for details.</b>

Gordon, Sir Arthur (1829-1912)

Bachelor of Divinity and Master of Theology theses

  • AU PMB MS 1084
  • Collectie
  • 1968-1993

The Pacific Theological College in Suva, Fiji, is an ecumenical institution founded in 1966 to assist in providing the Pacific churches a highly trained indigenous ministry. The College established an international reputation for quality theological education, particularly in the three core areas of Biblical Studies, Theology and History of Christianity. In 1987 in began a Master of Theology programmme in Pacific Church History. The thesis is an integral part of the PTC's Bachelor of Divinity and master of Theology programmes.

Approximately 294 theses filmed in chronological order. Many systematically apply detailed local knowledge to topics covering a broad range of cultural, social and political matters in the Pacific Islands.

See reel list for further details

Pacific Theological College

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