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Gilbertese myths, legends and oral traditions

  • AU PMB MS 69
  • Collection

Sir Arthur Grimble went to the Gilbert Islands as a cadet administrative officer in 1913 and became Resident Commissioner in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony in 1926. He was transferred to the West Indies in 1932 and died in London on December 13, 1956. Grimble devoted much of his spare time in the Gilberts to collecting the myths, legends and oral traditions of the local people. Those recorded on this microfilm were collected between about 1916 and 1930.

Gilbertese myths, legends and oral traditions (643 pages). A detailed list appears at the beginning of the microfilm. It includes creation myths, voyaging tales, songs, especially of ancient voyages and war, spells and witchcraft practices.
See Finding aids for details.

Grimble Sir Arthur

History of Niue to 1894 and 'the Loyalty Islands to 1896'

  • AU PMB MS 149
  • Collection

Whitehouse (1815-1907) served as a missionary in India from 1842-1857. Following his return to England he was, on several occasions, acting Secretary of the London Missionary Society (the Congregational Council for World Mission, as of 1966).

<I>A History of Niue to 1894</I> and <I>The Loyalty Islands to 1896</I>.

Whitehouse John Owen

Itineraries of American whaling and trading ships in the Pacific Ocean

  • AU PMB MS 906
  • Collection

Please refer to the full entry in PMB 200. See also PMB 901

See indexes American Whalers and Traders in the Pacific, Robert Langdon, ed., Canberra, 1978 and Where the Whalers Went, Robert Langdon, ed., Canberra, 1984. The information sheets appear in aphabetical order by ship. On this reel: Ships Nantucket - Prudent

New England Microfilming Project

I Didn't choose to run' (a novel)

  • AU PMB MS 909
  • Collection

Gold, a trader on Mangaia in the Cook Islands, was a frequent contributor to the <I>Pacific Islands Monthly</I> in the 1940s and 1950s. He also contributed several articles to the <I>Journal of the Polynesian Society</I>during this period.

The novel, in a barely disguised way, relates some of the author's experiences in the Cook Islands.

Gold Edwin

Whaling logbooks, and other documents, copied in New England (USA) repositories

  • AU PMB MS 397
  • Collection

Please refer to the full entry in PMB 200

For indexes see American Whalers and Traders in the Pacific, Robert Langdon, ed., Canberra, 1978 and Where the Whalers Went, Robert Langdon, ed., Canberra, 1984. This reel contains copies of pages omitted, spoiled or incorrectly exposed by the microfilmers in photographing the logbooks and other documents copied on reels PMB 372-392 inclusive. A key to the contents of the reel appears at the beginning and end of the film. Items on reels 372-392 containing material which has been refilmed on this reel have been marked with an asterisk (*).

New England Microfilming Project


  • AU PMB MS 557
  • Collection

Hopkins (1869-1943) served as a missionary with the Melanesian Mission in the Solomon Islands from 1902 to 1925.

The autobiography fills 112 typescript pages.

Hopkins Arthur Innes

Slides and photographs of election campaigns during 1966 election in Fiji

  • AU PMB PHOTO 103
  • Collection
  • 1966

This collection of slides and photographs was taken by Robert Norton on his first research trip to Fiji, which took place during the 1966 Legislative Council elections campaigning.

The general Legislative Council elections were held in late 1966, just over a year after the first constitutional conference in London, and five years after the British government announced its plan to prepare Fiji for self-government.

The indigenous Fijian leaders were initially very anxious about this objective, viewing it as a threat to the protection they believed the Fijians had enjoyed under the colonial government’s policies, based in part, on the government’s interpretation of the Deed of Cession by which nearly 100 years before the leading chiefs had entrusted the islands to the British crown.

The Fiji Indians who in the 1960s were 51% of the population, and generally more advanced economically than the Fijians (43% of the population), looked favourably on the prospect of an end to colonial rule and their principal leaders called for a common franchise to replace communal (ethnic) political representation. The very influential but tiny European minority, concerned to preserve their longstanding privileged political representation, stood with the Fijians against radical constitutional change.

The 1966 elections were the first in which broadly-based political parties competed for a substantial power in the colonial parliament. The 1965 constitutional conference had changed the parliament (legislative council) from a council dominated by colonial officials appointed by the governor, to one dominated by elected representatives: 14 Indigenous Fijians, (2 elected by the Great Council of Chiefs), 12 Indians, 10 General electors (Europeans, Part-Europeans, Pacific islanders other than Fijians, and Chinese). The new constitution completed the expansion of the vote to a universal franchise, begun in 1963. Only four seats were reserved for colonial officials.

Most of the electorates remained ethnically defined, and all the seats remained ethnically reserved.

But overlaying the many communal electorates, were now three very large Cross Voting electorates covering the entire colony. They were multi-ethnic, made up from the communal electorates, and each had three reserved seats: Fijian, Indian, and General. The electors were entitled to four votes - one in their communal electorate, and three in their cross-voting electorate. Voting was not compulsory, and to cast a valid vote an elector need tick only the communal seat ballot paper if they wished. Communal seats numbered 9 Fijian, 9 Indian, and 7 General; there were 3 Fijian, 3 Indian, and 3 General cross-voting seats. Indigenous Fijians enjoyed additional representation by the two Council of Chiefs members of the parliament.

The intention of introducing the cross-voting electorates was to give people experience in supporting candidates of different ethnic identities from their own - a step, the British said, toward an eventual common franchise without reserved seats. It was hoped that political parties would each field candidates of different ethnicity, and that these would campaign together - the communal candidates assisting the campaigning of their cross-voting partners.

Some of the slides and photos illustrate this joint campaigning in western Viti Levu, by Fijian, Indian, and General candidates of the Alliance Party. All the pictures were taken on Viti Levu, Fiji’s major island.

The Alliance Party, whose main component body was the indigenous Fijian Association, won 22 seats (12 Fijian, 3 Indian, 7 General). The Federation Party (later the National Federation Party) secured only the 9 communal Indian seats; the party fielded only one non-Indian candidate, Fijian cane farmer Penaia Rokovuni (photos 48-54). Three General candidates were elected as independents.


Robert Norton 'Race and Politics in Fiji', University of Queensland Press, 1977, revised edition 1990

Roderick Alley 'The Emergence of Party Politics'. In 'Politics in Fiji' edited by Brij Lal, Allen & Unwin, 1986. Pp28-51

Norton, Robert (1944- )

Selected Archives from the Catholic Bishop's Office in Kavieng

  • AU PMB MS 1425
  • Collection
  • Various

This collection includes selected archives from the Catholic bishop’s office in Kavieng, New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea. Papers describe the history of the Catholic Church in Kavieng, including meeting and conference papers, along with other official documentation. It also includes accounts of church personnel around and during World War II. This collection also includes documentation relating to the Australian Television Service, Australian War Crimes Commission, 1975 Independence Programme for Kavieng and the Catholic Handbook for PNG. See individual items for more detailed descriptions of content.

Roman Catholic Church, Kavieng

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