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Campaigns protesting against nuclear testing in the Pacific: press cuttings and scrapbooks

  • AU PMB MS 1238
  • Collection
  • 1973-1975, 1985

Barry Mitcalfe, who died in 1986, envisaged a new group, the Peace Media Organisation, having two distinct thrusts. One was to engage in peace research and the other was to demonstrate to the world the strength of New Zealand’s opposition to French testing in the Pacific and peoples’ longing for a peaceful world. (Mitcalfe’s papers are held at the University of Canterbury Library.) The documents microfilmed record NZ press reactions to the protest voyages of the Fri and <i>Greenpeace III</i> (formerly Vega) in 1973. The Pacific Peace Odyssey documentation includes minutes of a Greenpeace NZ meeting on 25 Sep 1974 attended by Irene Peterson, Bruce Peterson, David Moodie, Betty Johnson, Elaine Shaw and Wendy Armstrong.

  • Peace Media Organisation, Press cuttings, Feb-Dec 1973: Vol.1, 21 Feb-23 Jun 1973; Vol.2, 23 Jun-3 Oct 1973; Vol.3, 7 Sep-13 Dec 1973.
  • Greenpeace New Zealand Pacific Peace Odyssey, Apr 1974-Jun 1976, conceived by Barry Mitcalfe, undertaken by David Moodie in the vessel, <i>Fri</i>. Documentation compiled by Gabby Putnoki and Peter Smith in January 2004.
  • Greenpeace. A scrapbook compiled by the crew of the <i>Rainbow Warrior I</i> between March and June 1985 while transferring 260 Marshallese forced to leave their homeland of Rongelap Atoll to resettle on Majuro Atoll, 160km away.

See also PMB Doc 464: <i>Greenpeace New Zealand Newsletter</i>, 1974-2004.

Greenpeace New Zealand

Yap State Constitutional Convention papers

  • AU PMB MS 1173
  • Collection
  • 1982

In 1947 the United Nations established the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), vesting administration with the USA. The districts within the TTPI included Ponape (then including Kusaie), Truk, Yap, Palau, the Marshall Islands and the Northern Marianna Islands. In 1960s and 1970s the US and local representatives from these districts met to discuss various options for self-determination. This resulted in the eventual partition of the TTPI. The Northern Marianas became a self governing commonwealth within the US, while the rest of the TTPI was divided between the Marshall Islands, Palau and the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), all gradually achieving independence in free association with the USA from the early 1980s through to 1990 when the TTPI was finally dissolved by the UN.

In 1978 the peoples of Truk (now Chuuk), Ponape (Pohnpei), Kusaie (Kosrae) and Yap voted to form the FSM. In the early 1980s these states drafted and implemented their own constitutions, ready for the FSM's 1986 ratification of the Compact of Free Association with the USA. On 16 March 1982 the first Yap State Convention met to draft a constitution that was ratified by plebiscite in November of that year. The constitution enshrined a four branch system of government comprising the executive, legislative, judicial and traditional. Yap became the only state in the FSM where traditional leaders were fully incorporated into a constitution; through the Council of Pilung and the Council of Tamol, representing traditional leaders from Yap's main island and the state's outer islands respectively. These councils were granted authority over matters concerning tradition and custom. The constitution is also unique in Micronesia in mandating a balanced state budget. These papers cover the debates, discussions and meetings that resulted in this constitution.

Registered files of the Yap State Constitutional Convention, including: resolutions and reports of Convention Committees; agenda, journals and verbatim transcripts (in Yapese, Ulithian and English) of the proceedings of the Committee of the Whole and Plenary Sessions; Proposals; Resolutions; drafts of the Constitution; correspondence and related administrative documents.
See reel list for further details.

Yap State Constitutional Convention

Papers on the Methodist Church in Rabaul and related documents on Papua New Guinea history and education

  • AU PMB MS 1169
  • Collection
  • 1940-1975

Rev. Ian Fardon (1925-1991) was born and raised in the Atherton Tablelands, far North Queensland. He trained as a pilot during World War II and attended Sydney University after the War with a view to going into the Methodist Ministry. At Sydney University he became active in the Student Christian Movement. After graduating he undertook theological training at Leigh Methodist Theological College, Sydney. Rev. Fardon was appointed probationary minister at Wagga, NSW, 1952-53, and helped organise the Student Christian Movement in Australia, 1954-55. He was appointed Minister of the Rabaul Memorial Church TPNG in 1956 and was posted as Circuit Minister at Gaulim, New Britain, from 1966 till 1968. In 1969 Rev. Fardon was appointed Minister at the Ela-Boroko United Church in Port Moresby. In 1974 Rev. Fardon returned to Australia and settled in Armidale where he retired in 1984.

The Fardon Papers consist of: correspondence, 1960-1976, including commentary on the death of Jack Emmanuel; talks, articles and notes on PNG theology, mission history and current events, 1963-72; sermon notes, 1966-72; Methodist Overseas Mission, New Guinea District and Rabaul Church papers, 1902-1973; articles, notes and original documents on the history of New Britain and New Ireland, 1884-1973, including a dossier on the Matuangan Association; unpublished articles and notes on education, history and politics in PNG, 1957-1972; and sundry press cuttings on PNG missions and politics, 1930-73. The papers cover diverse topics such as local government, anthropology, colonial policies, the World Bank, self-government, archaeology, alcohol, industrial relations, oceanic voyaging and mission economic interests. See Finding aids for details.

Fardon, Rev Ian

Patrol reports and related papers from the Western Highlands (Enga) and Milne Bay Districts, Papua New Guinea

  • AU PMB MS 1161
  • Collection
  • 1972-1977

Sarea Kiri commenced employment with the PNG Administration in 1970. He completed course work at the Administrative College and the Local Government Staff College, Vunadidir, in 1970 and1971. Mr Sarea commenced duty as a Patrol Officer at the Wapenamanda Sub-District Office, Enga District, in 1972. He transferred to the Milne Bay District in 1974.

Records gathered in support of Mr Kiri’s application for the position of Losuia District Administrator, including documentation of the Enga District Localisation Sub-Committeee and some routine police matters at Wapenamanda, 1972-73, part of the Wapenamanda annual report 1972/73, and the following patrol reports by Mr Kiri:
<LI>Wapenamanda Sub-District Office, Patrol Report No.5 of 1971-72 to Middle Lai.</LI>
<LI>Wapenamanda Sub-District Office, Patrol Report No.8 of 1971/72 to Middle Lai and Tshak.</LI>
<LI>Wapenamanda Sub-District Office, Patrol Report No.3 of 1972/73 to Tshak.</LI>
<LI>Wapenamanda Sub-District Office, Patrol Report No.6 of 1972/73 to Middle Lai (Pompabos).</LI>
<LI>Wapenamanda Sub-District Office, Patrol Report No.7 of 1972/73 to Tchak.</LI>
<LI>Wapenamanda Sub-District Office, Patrol Report No.11 of 1972/73 to Tchak.</LI>
<LI>Wapenamanda Sub-District Office, Patrol Report No.15 of 1972/73 to Tchak.</LI>
<LI>Laiagam Sub-District Office, Patrol Report No.17 of 1972/73 to Lake Sirunki.</LI>
<LI>Wapenamanda Sub-District Office, Patrol Report No.21 of 1972/73 to Lower Lai.</LI>
<LI>Wapenamanda Sub-District Office, Patrol Report No.5 of 1973/74 to Tambitanis Area.</LI>
<LI>Tagula Station, Bwagaoia Sub-District, Milne Bay District, Patrol Report No.3 of 1974/75 to Rossel Island.</LI>
<LI>Tagula Station, Bwagaoia Sub-District, Milne Bay District, Patrol Report No.5 of 1974/75 to Sudest Island.</LI>
<LI>Alotau Sub-District, Milne Bay District, Patrol Report No.4 of 1976/77 to Tavara.</LI>

Kiri, Sarea


  • AU PMB MS 1156
  • Collection

This is the journal of Mr Taptulu’s grandfather Tatai of Nui. Nui
is a northern island in Tuvalu where the Kiribati language is spoken. The journal, in Kiribati, includes an account of Tatai’s visit to Samoa, his training there as a missionary and his return to Nui; a genealogy of Nui; and, lastly, an account of the visit to Nui by the canoe Toantebuke, including a list of those on board. There is also a typed transcript in Kiribati of the text of the journal.

Tatai of Nui, Tuvalu

House diaries and accounts of the Mission

  • AU PMB MS 1155
  • Collection
  • 1921-1967

The Congregation of the Daughters of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart was founded at Issoudun in France by Rev. Fr Jules Chevalier in 1882 in association with the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart (MSC). The foundress of the community was Mother Marie Louise Hartzer. The Congregation established a half-way house to the Missions in Sydney, began their mission on Thursday Island, then extended to Yule Island in Papua, in August 1887, and to Rabaul in 1891. The first group of DOLSH Sisters arrived in the Gilbert Islands in 1895, lead by Sister Isabel, and a second group, including Sister Clémentine, arrived in January 1899. In 1923 Sister Isabel was replaced as the Superior in the Gilbert Islands by Sister Yvonne. She was succeeded by Sister Clémentine in 1933. The DOLSH Sisters stayed on in the Gilberts during World War II.

House diary (in French), 1921-1945; House diary (in French), 1946-1967; Photographs of Sister M. Clémentine Pineau and others; Sister Mary Clémentine Pineau’s Account of the Sisters of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart in Kiribati, 1898-1961 (in English); Sister Mary Oliva Lynch’s, Account of the MSC Mission in Kiribati, including biographies of priests, brothers, sisters, catechists and others (in Gilbertese).<P><b>See reel list for further details</B>

Congregation of the Daughters of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart, Kiribati

Copies of written submissions and verbatim notes

  • AU PMB MS 1149
  • Collection
  • Jul 1995- Jan 1996

The Fiji Constitutional Review Commission was established by His Excellency the President of Fiji, Ratu Sir Kamasese Mara, on 15 March 1995. The President appointed the Right Reverend Sir Paul Reeves as Chairman of the Commission and Mr Tomasi Rayalu Vakatora and Dr Brij Vilash Lal as its other members. Ms Alison Quentin-Baxter and Mr Jon Apted were later appointed as Counsel assisting the Commission along with Mr Walter Gibson Rigamoto as its Secretary. The Commission was appointed to review the Fiji Constitution and produce a report on 30 June 1996 (later extended to 30 September 1996) 'recommending constitutional arrangements which will meet the present and future needs of the people of Fiji and promote racial harmony, national unity and the economic and social advancement of all communities' (Reeves, Vakatora and Lal, 1996). The Commission was required to scrutinise the Constitution, facilitate the widest possible debate on constitutional matters and inquire into and ascertain public opinion on possible ways to improve the Constitution. These papers represent the written and oral submissions which individuals, groups and organisations made to the Commission. The Commission had two rounds of public hearings throughout Fiji. The first round started on 3 July 1995 and was completed on 9 August 1995. The second round of hearings started on 22 August 1995 and was completed on 10 October 1995. This title documents the hearings.

CONTENTS The papers are divided into eight volumes of written submissions from 3 July 1995 to 14 September 1995, with the eighth volume consisting of additional submissions received by the Commission between July 1995 and January 1996. The remainder of the contents consists of verbatim notes resulting from oral submissions made between 3 July 1995 and 19 September 1995.

Reel 1 Written Submissions, Vol. 1, Nos. 001001-005007, 3-6 Jul 1995
Reel 2 Written Submissions, Vol. 2, Nos. 006001-006060, 14 Jul-22 Aug 1995
Written Submissions, Vol. 3, Nos. 006058-006081, 22 Aug-28 Aug 1995
Reel 3 Written Submissions, Vol. 3, Nos. 006082-006089, 28 Aug-10 Oct 1995
Written Submissions, Vol. 4, Nos. 006090-006118, n.d.
Written Submissions, Vol. 5, Nos. 007001-007009, 12-13 Jul 1995
Reel 4 Written Submissions, Vol. 5, Nos. 007010-009014, 010001-010020, 12-20 Jul 1995
Written Submissions, Vol. 6, Nos. 011001-016026, 25-31 Jul 1995
Written Submissions, Vol. 7, Nos. 017001-022001A, 1 Aug-14 Sep 1995
Reel 5 Written Submissions, Vol. 7, Nos. 022002-023007, 14 Sep 1995
Written Submissions, Vol. 8, Nos. 024001-024090, Jul 1995-Jan 1996
Verbatim Notes, 3-10 Jul 1995
Reel 6 Verbatim Notes, 11 Jul – 3 Aug 1995
Reel 7 Verbatim Notes, 9 Aug - 12 Sep 1995
Reel 8 Verbatim Notes, 13 - 19 Sep 1995<P><b>See reel list for further details</b>

Reeves, Sir Paul

Papers relating to her nutrition surveys in PNG, Fiji, Tonga and Niue, together with other South Pacific Health Service reports, by Susan Holmes, on nutrition surveys in Samoa, Cook Islands, Kiribati and the Solomon Islands

  • AU PMB MS 1144
  • Collection
  • 1947-1954

Doreen Langley graduated from the University of Melbourne with a BSc in biochemistry and bacteriology. She began working at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute and at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital in Sydney. She then went back to Melbourne to be a dietitian at the 4th General US Army Hospital. After further study of nutrition Langley went to Papua New Guinea in 1947 as one of two women in a team of eight Australian scientists undertaking a survey of nutrition and the production, preparation and storage of food. She went to Gambia in 1950 with the British Medical Research Council Nutrition Unit and to Fiji, Niue and Tonga with the South Pacific Health Service, 1951-1954, collecting data concerning heights, weights and general nutritional status; family meals, local foods recipes and customs regarding food. Ms Langley was Principal of the Women’s College at the University of Sydney from 1957 till 1974.

Doreen Langley, PNG Nutrition Survey Expedition, diary notes, letters, press cuttings, original records, reports and publications, 1947; Fajara, Gambia, West Africa, nutrition survey, letters and diary notes, 1950; South Pacific Health Service, Fiji, diary notes, letters, maps and photographs, 1951-1953; Niue Island and Tonga Survey reports, diary notes, letters and photographs, 1952-1953. Susan Holmes’, Nutrition Survey Reports: Western Samoa, 1951; BSIP, 1952; Gilbert Islands, 1953; Cook Islands, 1954; Indian households, 1954.
N.b. 105 official photographs documenting the PNG Nutrition Survey in 1947 are held in the Women’s College Archives at 20/6/60.<P><B>See reel list for further details</B>

Langley, Doreen

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