Collection MS 1171 - Marquesas collection. English translations of selected Hawaiian language documents.

PMB MS 1171 Finding Aid

Identity area

Reference code

AU PMB MS 1171


Marquesas collection. English translations of selected Hawaiian language documents.


  • 1831-1834, 1853-1918 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

2; 35mm microfilm

Context area

Name of creator

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

In June 1853 two ordained Hawaiian ministers, Rev. James K. Kekela and Rev. Samuel Kauwealoha, and their wives, and two deacons and their wives, were chosen by the Hawaiian Missionary Board to sail on the English brigantine, Royalist, for the Marquesas Islands located 2,300 miles to the southeast. Accompanied by New England missionary Benjamin Parker of Kaneohe Mission Station, these native couples were the first Hawaiian families to serve as missionaries in the Marquesas, 1853-1909. Supportedentirely by the Hawaiian churches and the Hawaiian Evangelical Association, the deputation of native Hawaiian missionaries was predicted to succeed where non-Polynesian missionaries had failed. Although support was strong at first, it diminished over time, and in 1909, with no hope of fresh reinforcements, the last surviving Hawaiian missionaries yielded their efforts
to French Protestants from Tahiti.<P>
Also included in this collection is one folder of documents pertaining to an
earlier mission to the Washington Islands (Marquesas), 1831-1834. A preliminary visit to explore the islands was made by Messrs. Whitney, Tinker and Alexander of the Sandwich Islands mission in 1832. A favourable report led to the departure in July 1833 of American Protestant missionaries Richard Armstrong, W. P. Alexander and Benjamin W. Parker and their wives to establish a mission in the Marquesas. Their labours proved unsuccessful, however, and the mission was aborted. They returned to the Sandwich Islands the following year to resume their missionary work.

The <I>Marquesas Collection, 1831-1834, 1853-1918</I>, consists of 2.5 linear feet of manuscript material, including personal letters, formal reports of general meetings and mission station reports. Correspondence by native Hawaiian missionaries to the Hawaiian Evangelical Association in Honolulu is in the Hawaiian language. A portion of this correspondence was translated into English in the 1930s by Rev. Henry Pratt Judd, a member of the Hawaiian Board of Missions and the grandson of American Protestant missionary, Gerrit P. Judd. Nancy J. Morris, PhD. of the University of Hawai'i Special Collections, Hamilton Library, and author of Hawaiian Missionaries Abroad, 1852-1909, also provided translations for some of the documents in the 1980s. Microfilm copies of the original Hawaiian documents can be found at PMB 1170. See Finding aids for details.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Available for reference. Reproductions cannot be made without permission from the Hawaiian Mission Children's Society Library

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Hawaiian Mission Children's Society Library, Mission Houses Museum, 553 South King Street, Honolulu, Hawai'i, 96813; Ph: (808) 531-1481; Fax: (808) 545-2280; Email:

Existence and location of copies

Access this title at PMB Member Libraries or by purchasing it directly from the Bureau:

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier


Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Dates of creation revision deletion




Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places